produced in the liver that helps regulate the metabolism and transport of iron within the body, also plays a significant role in the development of anemia of chronic disease (National Organzation for Rare Disorders, 2015). Eventually, lab tests will show that there is a lower than normal number of red blood cells within the body.
ANEMIA3Although AI/ACD can affect those of any age, older adults experience an increased risk, particularly because they have the highest rates of chronic diseases (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, 2013). It is also increasingly common in those that are hospitalized because of underlying chronic illnesses. It is estimated that as many as 60% of those diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, 28% with mild kidney disease, and 87% with severe kidney disease experience this disease process (Thompson, 2010). Treatment is often geared towards the underlying disease asthe anemia usually improves or resolves completely without direct treatment of its own (National Organzation for Rare Disorders, 2015)Patient Factor: Age & GenderPer Huether & McCance (2017) IDA is more common children, females of childbearing age, and those that live in poverty. Children under the age of two become affected because of their growth; they require an increased demand of iron. Those living in poverty are at an increased risk due to decreased intake of dietary iron. Reproduction during child bearing age alsoincreased to demand for iron and can associated with IDA as well having as heavy menstrual bleeding, however, IDA in women is known to slow in menopause age. Males experience an
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- Spring '15
- Hemoglobin, Iron deficiency anemia, red blood cells