Discuss the changing patterns of spousal

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Discuss the changing patterns of spousal relationships and marital satisfaction in the postparental phase. Family roles and relationships are important throughout life; Convoys of support. Most families (not all) are strong units, but relationships have both positive and negative aspects and effects. Move from child-launching to post-parental. Majority of older persons are not isolated from their families, and most interactions are positive. Spousal Relationships Core spousal relationship, Long-Term Marriage Linked to greater health, happiness, and life expectancy Cohorts differ in histories of marriage—
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fewer adults entering later life with a single, lengthy marriage Marriage does not remain static over the second half of adult life. Women are still the kin-keepers. Marital Satisfaction The degree to which couples are satisfied with their partners and marital relationships. Shown to be high among married older adults May change over the life course (honeymoon, children, empty nest) Unsatisfied couples have divorced before they reach later life, so remaining married couples are “survivors” What factors influence the grandparenting role? Describe race/ethnic differences in grandfamilies. Pg121-122 Give examples what can change a grandparents role such as if parents pass away then the grandparents take over as the main care giver Grandparents’ roles are ambiguous—wide variability in behavior Lineage bridge the key influence Somewhere on the continuum of absent/distant to acting as surrogate parents Surrogates take on full/nearly full responsibility—“grandfamilies” Grandparent Surrogates Surrogates take on full/nearly full responsibility—“grandfamilies” Challenges to surrogate grandparents: Economic Social Health Housing Describe the findings of Wrzus on social network changes and life events across the life span. Types of Social Relationships beyond family Friends, Neighbors, Coworkers, Fictive Kinship Types of Networks Domain of Social Relationships Types, Process, Qualities – supportive/negative Number, Structure (interconnections), Diversity Social networks = the set of people with whom an individual is directly involved Global networks = all existing social relationships Personal network = closer personal relationships, confidants, supporters. Friendship, family, work-related networks. More ‘peripheral’ relationships (neighbors, professional ¨ Wrzus, Cornelia, 2013:
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¨ Socioemotional (motivational) and Social Convoy (circumstantial) theories suggest that the more peripheral, less close relationships continuously decrease in number during adulthood while close relationships persist. ¨ Normative life events can expand or contract networks ¨ Non-normative events reduce network size ¨ This meta-analysis addresses changes in the size of the various networks associated with life events.
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