11 After debates x x x, the Committee reported out a final draft, which became the initially approvedversion: "The national territory consists of the Philippine archipelago which is the ancestral home ofthe Filipino people and which is composed of all the islands and waters embraced therein…" What was the intent behind the designation of the Philippines as an "archipelago"? x x x Asked byDelegate Roselller Lim (Zamboanga) where this archipelago was, Committee Chairman Quinteroanswered that it was the area delineated in the Treaty of Paris. He said that objections to thecolonial implication of mentioning the Treaty of Paris was responsible for the omission of the expressmention of the Treaty of Paris. Report No. 01 of the Committee on National Territory had in fact been explicit in its delineation of theexpanse of this archipelago. It said: Now if we plot on a map the boundaries of this archipelago as set forth in the Treaty of Paris, a hugeor giant rectangle will emerge, measuring about 600 miles in width and 1,200 miles in length. Insidethis giant rectangle are the 7,100 islands comprising the Philippine Islands. From the east coast ofLuzon to the eastern boundary of this huge rectangle in the Pacific Ocean, there is a distance of
over 300 miles. From the west coast of Luzon to the western boundary of this giant rectangle in theChina sea, there is a distance of over 150 miles. When the [US] Government enacted the Jones Law, the Hare-Hawes Cutting Law and the TydingsMcDuffie Law, it in reality announced to the whole world that it was turning over to the Governmentof the Philippine Islands an archipelago (that is a big body of water studded with islands), theboundaries of which archipelago are set forth in Article III of the Treaty of Paris. It also announced tothe whole world that the waters inside the giant rectangle belong to the Philippines – that they arenot part of the high seas. When Spain signed the Treaty of Paris, in effect she announced to the whole world that she wasceding to the [US] the Philippine archipelago x x x, that this archipelago was bounded by linesspecified in the treaty, and that the archipelago consisted of the huge body of water inside theboundaries and the islands inside said boundaries. The delineation of the extent of the Philippine archipelago must be understood in the context of themodifications made both by the Treaty of Washington of November 7, 1900, and of the Conventionof January 12, 1930, in order to include the Islands of Sibutu and of Cagayan de Sulu and the Turtleand Mangsee Islands. However, x x x the definition of the archipelago did not include the Batanesgroup[, being] outside the boundaries of the Philippine archipelago as set forth in the Treaty of Paris.