Period 3_ Master Study Guide.docx

Seven years war french and indian war 1754 1763 war

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Seven Years’ War (French and Indian War) -- (1754-1763) War fought in the colonies between the English and the French for possession of the Ohio Valley area. The English won. Albany Plan of Union (1754) -- British government called for representatives from several colonies to meet in Albany, NY, to provide for an intercolonial government to recruit troops and collect taxes. (1754). Set a precedent for other revolutionary meetings. Edward Braddock -- General who led an army from Virginia, but was defeated (1755) George Washington -- Led a small militia from Virginia to stop work on French Fort Duquesne. Was forced to surrender. (July 3rd, 1754) Peace of Paris (1763) -- Peace treaty signed to end the French and Indian War (1763). Britain gained French Canada and Spanish Florida. France gave Spain its western territory. Economic Policies Sugar Act (1764) -- Placed taxes on goods such as foreign sugar and other luxuries Quartering Act (1765) -- Required the colonists to provide food and living quarters for British soldiers in the colonies Stamp Act (1765) -- Required that revenue stamps be placed on almost all printed paper. First direct tax paid by the people. Boycotts were effective in repealing this Act. Declaratory Act (1766) -- Asserted that Parliament had the right to tax and make laws for the colonies in all cases whatsoever. Townshend Acts (1767) -- Acts which enacted new taxes to be collected on imports of tea, glass, and paper. Also created the writs of assistance to help people search homes for smuggled items. Writs of Assistance -- A general license to search anywhere; used to search private homes for smuggled goods Tea Act (1773) -- passed by Parliament to discourage smuggling, made Br tea a lot cheaper. Am colonists rebelled against it because accepting it meant giving Br power to taxation w/o representation. Coercive Acts (1774) -- A series of acts made to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party, also called Intolerable Acts by colonists Port Act -- put an embargo on trade to and from Boston until damages from Boston Tea Party were paid for Massachusetts Government Act -- removed power from MA legislature and gave it to royal governor instead Administration of Justice Act -- royal officials accused of capital offenses were to be tried in Br, not in Am. Colonists called it the “Murder Act”. Quebec Act (1774) -- Established Roman Catholicism as the official religion of Quebec, set up a government for Quebec and set the border at the Ohio River Philosophy
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Enlightenment -- A European movement in literature and philosophy; used human reasoning to solve problems Deism -- belief that God established natural laws in creating the universe, but that the role of divine intervention in human affairs was minimal Rationalism -- Trusted human reason to solve the many problems of life and society; emphasized reason, science, and respect for humanity John Locke -- English philosopher who said that all people have rights, simply because they are human and that people have a right and a responsibility to revolt against any
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  • Spring '13

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