African american girls are more satisfied with their

This preview shows page 3 - 6 out of 16 pages.

- African-American girls are more satisfied with their bodies than are Caucasian girls- Girls dissatisfaction with their bodies increases during early to mid-adolescence- Eating disorders considered psychiatric disorders because so involved with perception and thought. - If men have eating disorder more likely to be bulimia Anorexia Nervosa (pg 409)
-Distorted body image & Constantly dieting and believe they are fat main contribution-Self-starvation -May cause irregularity or cessation of menstruation-Often good students and ‘perfectionists’Anorexia nervosa: Eating disorder characterized by self-starvation.Bulimia Nervosa (pg 409)Bulimia nervosa: Eating disorder in which a person regularly eats huge quantities of food and then purges the body by laxatives, induced vomiting, fasting, or excessive exercise.- Binging and undoing of caloric intake on regular basis- Obsessed with weight and shape- Hidden danger: May not be able to tell that someone has the disorder- Body may not change. Binge eating disorder:Frequent bingeing without subsequent fasting, exercise, or vomiting.Treatment and Outcomes of Anorexia and Bulimia (pg 410)Immediate goal is to get patient to eat and gain weightMore important thing is to change body image. Patients may be hospitalized if severely malnourishedBehavior therapy- reward eatingCognitive Therapy- change body image. Family therapy: important for family support. Learn how to support family member with disorder, whether they have non-intentionally contributed (mother who is unhappy with her body, dieting. Teaches habits and lack of self-acceptance) As many as 1/3 anorexics drop out before achieving appropriate weight. Use and Abuse of Drugs (pg 411) Substance abuse: Harmful use of alcohol or other drugs.Substance dependence:Physiological or psychological addiction, or both.- Especially dangerous for adolescents because of changing brain structuresTrends in Drug UseHas been declining steadily since 1996Probably underestimate adolescent drug use because they do not reach high school dropouts. Common Adolescent Drugs (pg 412)AlcoholoAdolescents more vulnerable than adults to immediate and long-term negative effects of alcohol on learning and memory. MarijuanaoMost widely used illicit drugTobaccooLess widespread problem in US than in most other industrialized countriesoSmoking by age 11 twice as likely to engage in risky behaviorsInfluences
Peer pressureOmnipresence of substance abuse use in the mediaRisk Factors for Drug AbuseoDifficult temperamentoPoor impulse control and a tendency to seek out sensationoFamily influencesoEarly and persistent behavior problemsoAcademic failure and lack of commitment to educationoPeer rejectionoAssociating with drug usersoAlienation and rebelliousnessoFavorable attitudes toward drug useoEarly initiation into drug useDepression (pg 413)Prevalence increases during adolescenceoHormonal changeoLife “gets more complicated”

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture