Code of fashion behaviour and manners decline of

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(women have the most notable contributions). “code” of fashion, behaviour, and manners Decline of Heian Japan- caused by the fall of the equal field system(accumulation of land by clans), uneven power distribution, installment of a shogun - military governor who ruled in place of emperor Japanese feudalism : no religion. warlords/strong families rule the land, all blood related Valued honor more than in European society emphasized indiv who made stuff for themselves. Peasants duty bound to serve, samurai’s moral duty to protect farmers. European feudalism : Hierarchy with landowners at the top(lords), vassals, then farmers. Farmers and landowners relationship was contractual ; lords/vassals offer protection and payment, farmers offered loyalty. King (Shogun), lord (daimyo) Samurai: Professional warriors, force and fighting; 3 alt types: Ronin (no lord), Ninja (hired assassins), Ashigaru (Normal foot soldier for nat. military), Medieval Japan: Decentralized; provincial lords had full authority over small regions; samurai used to enforce/expand authority Indian Ocean Basin : trade and communication, monsoons: irrigation/water was important to agriculture; used dhows (ships from Arabs/Indians) and junk (China/SE Asia) Internal trade- iron, copper, salt, pepper , spices, condiments; Hindu temples were economic and social centers India: cotton textiles, sugar, steel SW Asia- dates, books Indian influence spread through trade routes China: silk, paper, porcelain, gunpowder E Africa- gold, ivory, slaves SE Asia- spices, SE Asia- Controlled trade between Indian Ocean and East Asia Mongol Empires: centered around army and conquest Chinggis Khan (Genghis) was the universal ruler, built the largest empire, capital @ Karakorum and was tolerant for most religions Political structure- organized military units (men old enough were forced to join); maintained power by choosing people based on talent and loyalty. Mastered steppe diplomacy: courage, loyalty, betrayal, and new relationships, army focused on mobility and mindset → Horses and archers to increase range Conquest of N China : Mongols raid Jurchen (N China), captured capital and renamed “ Khanbaliq ”; 1220 - Mongols gained control of N China → Yuan Dynasty Conquest of Persia : ruled by Khwarazm shah ; Chinggis wants relations but shah resists; Chinggis seeks revenge, kills the shah, demolishes cities + qanats → agri ↓ Khubilai Khan → Chinggis’ grandson, consolidation of rule in China; known for supporting the welfare of his ppl (aiding of poor, construction of roads) . Unification under Mongols allows for safe travel and trade; Marco Polo visits Yuan China via Silk Road; courier network used horses to send news & government orders Attempted Conquest of SE Asia : Horses proved ineffective against SE Asia’s humid, tropical land and guerilla tactics. Invasions of Japan were stopped by typhoons (“divine winds”).
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Yuan Dynasty : Extremely strict rule: no Confucian schools no intermarriage Utilized foreign administrators (ex.
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