Côte divoire and senegal also contributed us1

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500 health volunteers available to fight the disease. Côte d’Ivoire and Senegal also contributed US$1 million each, while the West African Economic Monetary Union (UEMOA) contributed US$1.5 million. Countries that have also made pledges include: Benin (US$400,000), Sierra Leone (US$250,000), Niger and Mali (US$200,000 each), and Burkina Faso (US$150,000). See 18 For more information on the main elements of the final communique of the Extraordinary Session of the Authority of ECOWAS Heads of State and Government, see SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES
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28 The African Union promoted innovative ideas on the containment of the epidemic. For instance, on 3 December 2014, the African Union Commission launched several initiatives aimed at containing the epidemic ( Femmes d’Afrique, 2015). The mobilization of about 1,000 health personnel across African countries – the African Union Support to Ebola Outbreak in West Africa (ASEOWA). The batch consisted in about 200 volunteers from Nigeria and the second batch, around 187 medical volunteers from Ethiopia (a partnership between the African Union and the governments of Nigeria and Ethiopia). Other countries that pledged support for the initiative include Burundi, DRC, Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda. This initiative aims to bridge the capacity gaps in the three most affected countries. The second initiative is the partnership with the private sector through the mobilization of telephone operators across the continent (e.g. Airtel, Etisalat and MTN). It aims at raising funds for the containment of EVD through sms campaigns. By sending ‘Stop Ebola’ sms messages to 7979, US$1.0 is transferred to a dedicated account that will be used to train, equip and maintain the volunteers in the affected countries. This is in addition to US$31.5 million already contributed to the fight against the disease by the African private sector operators. During the January 2015 African Union Summit, the African leaders resolved to achieve the primary objective of enhancing disaster preparedness and response, and reducing avoidable loss of life and the burden of disease and disability. The African Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (ACDCP) was launched with an innovative mandate to effectively detect and respond to emergencies, obtain technical support to address complex health challenges, including surveillance and research, and build the needed capacity (African Union and WHO, 2014). The ACDCP should be empowered to deliver its mandates effectively and efficiently. 2.4 The international communities’ response to the Ebola virus disease The role of the international community has been helpful. Many bilateral and multilateral agencies and private sector organizations have responded to the crisis. Figure 12 highlights financial support to the UN Ebola Plan as of October 2014. This is in addition to resources to the three countries and other organizations working on the pandemic.
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