affective feeling forecasting prediction answer to how bad would it be if you

Affective feeling forecasting prediction answer to

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­ affective (feeling) forecasting (prediction) ­ answer to “how bad would it be if you & your partner broke up?” ­ people generally predict pain to be much worse than actually does ­ people who are “in love” predicted way worse than actual ­ people not “in love” almost spot on prediction Self­Concept clarity: ­ extension of sense of self ­ who you are outside of ended relationship is not as clear after selves bonded ­ lacking of self­concept clarity ­ no longer sure of who you are after a breakup ­ after modal wave 6 ­ slope of self­concept clarity can predict emotional distress ­ that’s what makes breakups so painful Divorce Statistics: ­ by years ­ by race ­ by gender and education Divorce: ­ 50% of divorces happen in first 7 years ­ factors leading to divorce: ­ transition to parenthood ­ illness, job loss, tragedy Meta­analysis: ­ divorce & separation have a high association with: ­ increased mortality (especially for men) ­ negative health behaviors (smoking, drinking) ­ thought intrusion ­­ higher blood pressure ­ negative thoughts popping into your head throughout the day Subjective construal & coping ­ both men & women see themselves more positively & each other more negatively ­ partners rated themselves more positively, more victim & less villain, more willing to reconcile than spouse ­ women seen by both as having more control over breakup ­ more you see the spouse as in control, the less adjusted, happy, and at ease with breakup Consequences for adults:
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­ Negative effects: ­ economic probs (particularly for women) ­ short­term locus of control switch ­ short­term lowered happiness ­ psychological distress ­ poorer self­concepts ­ health problems ­ mortality ­ Positive effects: ­ autonomy & personal growth ­ improvements in women’s career opps & social lives ­ women: greater self­confidence & sense of control ­ men: greater interpersonal skills & greater willingness to self­disclose Repartnering: ­ Key tasks: ­ evaluate personal readiness for new relationship ­ develop criteria and strategies for selecting partners ­ determine relative weight afforded to child concerns Moving toward marriage: ­ remarriage rates: ­ 85% eventually, ½ within 3 years ­ cohabitation more common after divorce Rewards of remarriage: ­ compared to first: ­ matured ­ knowing each other better ­ communicate more openly ­ more considerate ­ enjoy new interest and friends 10/22/15 Stress & Own Marital Well­Being: Spill­Over Effects ­ stress spillover: increases in external stress predict decreases in one’s own relationship satisfaction ­ spouses facing more severe stress experience greater declines in marital satisfaction over time ­ on days of greater stress, individuals report less accepting views of family members ­ satisfaction is higher during periods of low stress and lower during periods of high stress Two­Route Model of Stress Effects Route 1: Content of the relationship
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­ stress gives rise to relationship issues ­
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