Air Lubrication SystemFuel exhaust from our ships is a large contributor to the levels of CO2 in our atmosphere. It has been identified that such large quantities of CO2 in our atmosphere have negative effects on all of our ecosystems as well as human health. Fuel is also a main operating cost seen by the cruise industry. Limiting fuel use would be an ideal strategy that contributes to the health of our planet as well as a decrease in costs for Carnival. In order to do so, we recommend that an air lubrication system be installed on all ships. An air lubrication system continuously produces air bubbles beneath the ship which reduces friction between the hull and the water. With less drag, ships that implement this technology will see a reduction in fuel consumption. The engineers of this technology state that users can expect up to a 10% reduction of fuel use per ship (Kantharia 2019). Reducing fuel use will lower CO2 emissions as well as save the organization money. In 2017 Diamond Princess, one of Carnival's cruise ships, was retrofitted with an air lubrication system. Results show that this action provided fuel cost savings near 10%. Carnival spends an average of $1,317,756 a year on fuel (Carnival Corporation Form 10-K 2019). With more regulations on fuel and the ever increasing cost of fuel, it is imperative that Carnival take the proper steps to reduce fuel use. If Carnival implements an air lubrication system on all vessels there will be a substantial reduction in overall fuel costs with the potential to save an average of $131,775.60 per year. No Single Use PlasticPlastic in the ocean is an ever growing problem that has gained a lot of publicity. With large quantities of plastic in the ocean we are seeing detrimental effects on our marine life. Society is becoming more aware of the issue with single use plastic. In response to heightened awareness, 9
consumers have become more conscious about the companies they purchase from and whether they use single use plastic or not. In order to address this problem and appeal to a changing society, we propose that all single use plastic be removed from our ships. There are available alternatives that we can take advantage of in order to enhance our environmental reputation. One such alternative is edible straws instead of plastic straws. Edible straws will add a sense of uniqueness and fun to our offerings while helping to generate a positive impact on the ocean. In addition to this, we can use biodegradable alternatives where needed and rely on reusable appliances and dishware when possible. We understand that there will still be plastic on board from passengers purchasing things at port. While we cannot stop this, we can work to ensure that all plastic is properly disposed of and recycled. In order to do so, proper signage throughout the ship is vital to create awareness among passengers. Even with signs on board the ship, it is highly likely that plastic will still be disposed of incorrectly resulting in plastic being mixed with food waste. This could lead to unwanted
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Carnival Cruise Lines, Cruise ship, cruise line, Holland America Line, Carnival