Roosevelt believed that establishing parallel

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specialized production, and stimulate overall economic growth. Roosevelt believed that establishing parallel powerful federal regulatory agencies was necessary to protect women, children, labor, and consumers from the economic excesses of unrestrained corporate capitalism. c. President Wilson’s New Freedom program did not endorse a broad program of social welfare including minimum wage laws and social insurance. Wilson and the Democrats continued to place their economic faith on fostering economic competition and entrepreneurship to guarantee the social welfare of economically vulnerable Americans. Roosevelt’s New Nationalism opposed promoting free market competition among small companies and vigorous enforcement of antitrust laws against industrial combines because proponents of Roosevelt’s progressive program believed Wilson’s New Freedom economic policies disregarded the extent to which collectivizing and centralizing forces of early twentieth century corporate capitalism had radically transformed the American economy. Roosevelt’s New Nationalism embraced minimum wage laws, child labor laws, and social insurance to restrain the excesses of corporate capitalism. d. Roosevelt’s New Nationalism opposed nationalization of the railroads and utilities and instead favored greater regulation of these industries by federal government agencies. Advocates of Wilson’s New Nationalism believed that requiring fragmentation of the large industrial combines through vigorous anti-trust enforcement was more preferable than using the instrument of enhanced government regulation to achieve progressive economic and social goals. e. Wilson’s New Freedom program favored lowering the protectionist high tariffs on imported goods. Roosevelt’s New Nationalism did not endorse lowering tariffs to promote trade and economic expansion. Question 3 a. President Wilson demonstrated a stubborn commitment to particular progressive principles, such as vigorous anti-trust enforcement, but, unlike President Theodore Roosevelt, he possessed a stubborn aversion to pragmatic political compromise. President Wilson was motivated by a raging idealism and moral righteousness that limited his ability to strike legislative compromises with senators and representatives, whose intellectual capacities he disdained. b. Correct answer. President Wilson despised imperialism, expressed revulsion at Roosevelt’s “big stick” economic and military interventionism in the Western Hemisphere, and despised the dollar diplomacy of President Taft in Latin America. Wilson signed the Jones Act of 1912 to facilitate the pathway to independence for the Philippines. While President Wilson believed in upholding the principle of political self-determination by citizens of other nations, he was willing to use American military forces to influence the political affairs of other nations, such as in Mexico between 1914 and 1917,
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when his moralistic sensibilities became aroused by revolutionary bloodshed that menaced American lives and property.
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