100%(3)3 out of 3 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 16 - 18 out of 23 pages.
Emilio Aquinaldo- leading independence movement; order rebel force to attack US at manila; Guerilla Warfare1902 Special Senate Committee- Philippine veterans come in to talk about what had gone on their: cruel actsPhilippine Government Act- 1902- governor appointed by US pres would rule Philippines; elected Philippine assembly; eventual self-government; Roosevelt Corollary- gives US right to intervene in Latin American countries; ruling with “big stick”; Consequences of Imperialism-subsistence farming; become export nations: sugar, rice, tea, etc.; changes economy; must now purchase material they previously grew; India- cotton producer, used to finish cotton as well but now must import/purchase textiles; India- begin growing teas bc of Europe, force them to cultivate more land;•Economic changes•Social Changes- railroads, telegraph, increased cultivation, men/women/children all working•Migration- typically eastern/southern Europe to US; settler colonies of new Zealand/Australia; indentured servant labor increases- contract last 5-7 yrs., compensation at end of contract;•Scientific Racism- defend reason for colonization; European race is most superior- must civilize inferior races; oCount Joseph Arthur de Govineau and Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races– 4 volume essay; only 4 races in world: African, Asian, native American, European-purest race; not unique view
oRamps up popular racism; •Nationalist-Independence Movements- Causes of the Great War-divide Europe, kill millions-lost generation, create large-scale world depression, make US world power•Nationalist Aspirations•Self-determination- have right to create own nation; prevalent in Balkans: directly influenced:oThe Ottoman Empire, Austria and RussiaoRussia- encourage Pan-Slavism- don’t like Austria; support Serbia•Pan-Slavism- independent ethnic groups to break away, then Russia can sweep in and take over; •Serbia- achieve own nation, break from ottoman empire; Nationalist Rivalry•Industrialization- Gr. Britain lead movement (control 14% of imports across world), germany quickly catches up(13%); •Naval Race- Germany and Britain- believe strong navy must protect colonies; Germany- plans to build huge battle ships; forces both into bankruptcy•Imperial Conflicts- colonizing same lands; Germ/France for Morocco (under French spear of influence)- German threatens French power; •Patriotism- want countries to each be the best; propel into war; (2/22)The Great WarWWI Alliances•The Central PowersoFranco-Prussian War- 1871 France beaten by PrussiaAlsace and Lorraine- france must cede to germans as part of agreement; reign runs along territory, much of population speaks german, factories, fortsBalkansoDual Alliance- 1879- Germany and Austriadictates that if russia attacks either, the other will aid the other nation; both must promise Russia if another country attacks they will remain neutraloTriple Alliance- 1882Italy- Joins dual; to oust French from north Africa; italy never goes to