Combined Chemoradiotherapy Treatment CHEW Community Health Extension Worker CHL Classical Hodgkin’s Lymphoma CHR Complete Hematologic Response on BCR/ABL monitoring CHW Community Health Worker CIN Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia CIS Carcinoma-in-situ CISH Chromogenic in situ hybridization CLL Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia CML Chronic myeloid leukaemia CMR Complete Molecular Response on BCR/ABL monitoring CNS Central Nervous System CRC Colorectal cancer CRM Circumferential margins
National Guidelines for Cancer Management Kenya xv CSF Cerebrospinal fluid CT Scan Computed Tomography Scan CXR Chest X-ray DLBL Di ff use large B-cell lymphoma DNR Do Not Resuscitate EBRT External beam radiation therapy EGFR Epidermal growth factor receptors EMA/Co Etoposide, methotrexate, and dactinomycin/cyclophosphamide and vincristine EOL End of Life EOLC End of Life Care EORTC European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer ESMO European Society of Medical Oncology ESR Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate ER Estrogen Receptor EUS Endoscopic ultrasound scan FAP Familial adenomatous polyposis FBC Full blood count FDG-PET Fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography FIGO International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics FISH Fluorescence in situ hybridization FOBT Fecal occult blood test FNA Fine Needle Aspiration GGT Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase GIST Gastrointestinal stromal tumour GIT Gastrointestinal tract GERD Gastroeosophageal reflux disease GTD Gestational Trophoblastic Diseases HCC Hepatocellular carcinoma HCP Health Care Professionals HCSM Health Commodities and Services Management Program HER2 Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 HGG High grade glioma HIV- Human immunosuppressive Virus HPV Human papillomavirus HSIL High grade squamous intraepithelial lesion IARC International Agency for research on cancer
National Guidelines for Cancer Management Kenya xvi ICD International classification of diseases IEC Information, education and communication IHC Immunohistochemistry IMRT Intensity modulated radiotherapy KHPF Kenya Health Policy Framework KS Kaposis sarcoma IVU Intravenous urography LDH Lactate dehydrogenase LEEP Loop electrosurgical excision procedure LFT- Liver Function Tests LGG Low grade glioma LLETZ Large loop excision of the transformation zone LSIL Low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion LVI Lymphovascular invasion MCR Major Cytogenetic Response on BCR/ABL monitoring MDT Multi-Disciplinary Teams MMR Major Molecular Response MOH Ministry of Health MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging MSH Management Science for Health NCD Non Communicable Dieases NCCN National Comprehensive Cancer Network NCR Nairobi cancer registry NPC Nasopharynx cancer NHL Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma NKC Natural killer cell NSAIDS Non Steroidal Anti inflammatory Drugs NSCLC Non-small cell lung cancer OSCCA Oral squamus cell carcinoma PC Palliative Care PCR Polymerase chain reaction PEG Percutanious Endoscopic Gastrsotomy PEI Percutaneous ethanol injection PET
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