Understand the ph scale acidity alkalinity etc know

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Understand the pH scale, acidity, alkalinity, etc.Know about how buffers work.Monomers vs polymers.Carbohydrates: building blocks, combinations, animal forms, plant forms, energy storage vs structural.Lipids: types and where they would be found, components of (fatty acids, etc.).Proteins: amino acid chemical structure, amino acid types, levels of structure (primary, secondary, etc.)Nucleic acids: structure of nucleotides and structure of nucleic acids.Unit 3How light microscopes work.
Know cell theory.Differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms (again).Plant cells vs. animal cells (key differences).Functions of the various organelles found in plant and/or animal cells. Pay particular attention to membranes and their structure, as well as how their structure impacts movement across the membrane.Define anatomy, physiology and genetics.Different types of microscopes: how they work and what they are best used to view.Unit 4Catabolism vs anabolismEnzymes: active site, substrate, allosteric site, inhibitor types, etc.The overview of anaerobic energy producing pathways: glycolysis (reactants, products, location that it occurs), fermentation (reactants, products)Overview of aerobic pathways for energy production (cellular respiration): mitochondrial ATP production (reactants, products, reactions, locations of things involved in the process, what happens where). Chemiosmosis, oxidative phosphorylation, citric acid cycle, etc. – know what the steps do.What is ATP, NADH, oxygen (O2), etc. used for, and how many are made and/or used in the process of making energy either aerobically or anaerobically.Be able to compare aerobic metabolism to anaerobic metabolism.Endergonic vs exergonic reactionsAerobic vs anaerobic organisms. Obligate vs facultative.Regulatory proteins and their relationship to normal vs cancerous cells.

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