Glencoe Health 2005.pdf

Analyze the importance and benefits of abstinence as

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Analyze the importance and benefits of abstinence as it relates to the prevention of STDs. Analyze the effectiveness and ineffectiveness of barrier protection, including the prevention of STDs, keeping in mind the effectiveness of remaining abstinent until marriage. Discuss abstinence from sexual activity as the only method that is 100 percent effective in preventing STDs. Develop and analyze strategies related to the prevention of communicable diseases such as STDs. ome communicable diseases, such as the cold or flu, can be trans- S mitted through actions as simple as shaking hands. Other communicable diseases are not so easily spread. , also referred to as , are infectious diseases spread from person to person through sexual contact . A person can have an infection, and pass the infection to others, without necessarily having the disease. STDs: The Hidden Epidemic T hroughout history people have been faced with occurrences of diseases in which many people in the same place at the same time are affected . Today in the United States, we are now facing another epidemic—an epidemic of STDs. An estimated 65 million people in the United States are living with an incurable STD. Many of these cases go undiagnosed and untreated. Why? epidemics ted infections (STIs) sexually transmit- mitted diseases (STDs) Sexually trans- Your health is affected by the decisions you make regarding risk behaviors. What strategies do you use to help you make responsible decisions? 648 Chapter 25 Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV/AIDS STDs are the most common communicable diseases in the United States. Why do you think this has been called the hidden epidemic?
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Many people with STDs are asymptomatic—without symptoms. They do not seek treatment because they don’t know they are infected. Individuals who don’t know that they are infected can continue to transmit STDs. Some people who suspect they have an STD may be too embarrassed to seek treatment. Even when STDs are diagnosed, they may not be reported to health departments so that contacts can be notified and treated. These contacts can continue to unknowingly transmit the disease to others. High-Risk Behavior and STDs In the United States teens make up one quarter of the estimated 15 million new cases of STDs each year. That’s more than 10,000 young people infected every day. Why are teens at particularly high risk for infection from STDs? Teens who are sexually active are likely to engage in one or more of the following high-risk behaviors: Being sexually active with more than one person. This includes having a series of sexual relationships with one person at a time. However, being sexually active with even one partner puts a person at risk. Most teens are unaware of a partner’s past behavior and whether he or she already has an STD.
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