Has a lot of jumping and drawing circles in the

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has a lot of jumping and drawing circles in the ground Definition of primitivism: belief or value in something that is simple and unsophisticated Klangfarbenmelodie (sound-color-melody): linked to pointillism, the melody is split between several instruments (instead of just given to one) which adds color/timbre Sprechstimme “Spoken voice” Singing pitches and speaking between the pitches; full of anxiety Example: Pierrot -- frenzied clown that gets drunk, feels guilty about it, and then goes back to being happy and sober Surrealism - a way of composing music using a series of notes in a particular order and using this to build up a whole piece of music. These series and patterns can also be applied to other parts of music (like how loud or soft it is) The 12 Tone System and
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Schoenberg is an example, where he took all 12 tones in the octave. Tone Poem: narrative symphonic work E.g. Strauss’s Death and Transfiguration Atonality: avoid establishing a tonal center Transcendentalism - a new group of thought emerged in New England in the early to mid- nineteenth century The Unanswered Question Trumpets ask question and other instruments try to answer but end up mocking the trumpets’ question Aaron Copland Captured the American common man spirit Composed a majestic Fanfare for the Common Man and Billy the Kid ballet Chance music/Aleatory music Indeterminacy -- chance Aleatoric: music composed or performed to some degree according to chance operations or spontaneous decisions (Sound doesn’t mean anything) - Franz Haydn → 1732-1809; “father of string quartet;” served at a palace for 30 years, after working for one family his music experienced an emotional shift - began writing darker songs full of passion; was known to be very funny (Symphony #94 in G, Second Movement. Response to people always falling asleep to his pieces → starts super soft, then BOOM -known as the SURPRISE SYMPHONY); pieces had development and rondo form - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) → child prodigy who wrote dozens of symphonies, performed for the king, the pope, and taught music to wealthy families; One of the most famous composers from the Classical period; composed the Fourth Movement. Mozart says: Melody is the essence of music - Napoleon Bonaparte → short guy; military genius; all the forces of europe came to attack france but napoleon kept winning - french revolution; imposed fair taxation Romantic - Ludwig Beethoven → classical genius composer - tortured misunderstood genius; played for Mozart at age 17; He had patrons - people who gave him money to compose; was inspired by Beethoven; wrote 9 symphonies. Compositions should not be so crafted, they should be organic. His development and codas start getting longer and longer. Also went deaf later in life - Goethe → 1749-1832; german writer who wrote such things as epic and lyric poetry, prose and verse drama that inspired compositions of the Romantic Period; wrote the poem “The Elf King,” which Schubert wrote music to in 1815 when he was 18 years old - Fanny Mendelssohn (sister of Felix Mendelssohn)
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  • Fall '15
  • Mr. Bies
  • Romeo and Juliet, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Symphony, Sonata form, Hector Berlioz, Richard Wagner

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