The pandava brothers cousins 100 brothers led by the

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The Pandava Brothers' cousins, 100 brothers, led by the evil Duryodhana 3 Paths to Salvation: Hinduism Karma- yoga: Path of action Jnana-yoga: Path of knowledge Bhakti-yoga: Path of devotion Avatara: Hinduism Incarnation Rama: Hinduism Prince, hero of the Ramayana poem, saves his wife, Sita, who is kidnapped by a demon Buddha: Hinduism Founder of Buddhism, sent to confuse the demons with his teachings
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The Four Signs: Buddhism 1) an old man 2) a sick man 3) a dead man 4) a hermit The Four Noble Truths: Buddhism 1) All this is suffering 2) The cause of suffering is desire 3) When desire is extinguished, suffering will be extinguished 4) This can be achieved by following the 8-fold path The 8-fold Path: Buddhism Right understanding, right intention, right speech, right action, right work, right effort, right meditation, right contemplation (samadhi) No self (anatta): Buddhism Central Buddhist idea: No eternal soul or self, we imagine that we have a self because we wish to be eternal, a delusion, anatta= no self 5 aggregates: Buddhism 1) Body 2) Perception 3) Sensation 4) Karmic traces (samkhara) 5) Consciousness Aggregates 2-5 are what is reincarnated, but are dissolved when nirvana is reached Dhammas: Buddhism existential atoms, both physical and mental Nirvana: Buddhism "blowing out, extinction", the extinction of all suffering, liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth Theravada: Buddhism "The Doctrine of Elders", the most conservative Buddhism, closer to Buddha's teaching, each person must reach liberation individually, monasteries important, religious language: Pali Mahayana:Buddhism "The Great Vehicle", goal: the liberation of all living beings, refers to Theravada as "Hinayana" ("The Small Vehicle"), enlightened beings can help lead others to salvation, compassion, religious language: sanskrit and regional languages arhat: Buddhism "worthy one", someone who has entered the 8-fold path, most often a monk Pali canon: Buddhism Collection of sacred texts in the Middle Indic language Pali, Pali canon also called "Tipitaka/Tripitaka" "The Theres Baskets"- 1) The words of the Buddha
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2) Monastic Rules 3) Philosophy Bodhisattva: Buddhism "enlightenment being", one who steps back on the brink of nirvana to save others, a being without karma, reborn out of free will, male or female Maitreya: Buddhism The next Buddha to come, dwells in the Tushita heaven, can be encountered in meditation Kuan-Yin: Buddhism In East Asia, this Bodhisattva becomes a female figure Tara: Buddhism Fully enlightened female Buddha, born from Avalokiteshavara's tear of compassion, popular in Tibet Bon Dalai Lama: Tibetan Buddhism Spiritual leader of the Tibetans, current Dalai Lama the 14th, fled to India after the Chinese took over in Tibet in 1959, leads Tibetan government in exile "Teaching with wisdom as deep as the ocean" Panchen Lama: Tibetan Buddhism Second highest ranking lama in Tibet, belongs to Gelug-pa school, responsible for identifying the new Dalai Lama and vice versa Dzogchen: Tibetan Buddhism
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Christopher Reinemann
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