In which situation did you find it more difficult to make a decision? Why?What are the factors and concerns that you take into account?What if’sThe fat man is a close family member?One of those men in the track is your husband?How will the modification affect your decision?Did you find it difficult to find the right course of action given this particularscenario?Welcome to the world of Ethics!However, the trolley dilemma has parallelisms in real life. Think of the agony of formerUS preside4nt Harry Truman and his cabinet when they decided to drop the atomicbomb at Hiroshima and Nagasaki during World War II. It was a concrete situationwherein less people were killed in order to spare the lives of a greater number ofpeople. And when your government send you to war, is it not, in a way, “pushing” youtoward the endangerment of your own life for the sake of peace and to save more lives?Now, what is Ethics? According to Jones, Ten Bos, and Parker, “ethics” came from theGreek word ethos which means “character, habit, dwelling place.” Clarence Waltonreports that Aristotlederived the term ethics from ethos which, in turn, found its source
in ethimoswhich means regularity and routine. Thus, ethos may refer to one’scharacter which is a product of what one does regularly and repeatedly so that it hasalready become a routine.Mollie Painter-Morland reports on how the French philosopher Michel Foucault unravelsthe idea that for the Greeks, “ethos is a way of being and a form of behaviour that isfirmly rooted in relationships.”Painter-Morland concludes that ethics “has both an individual and communal dimension.It requires, first and foremost, that one takes care of oneself and learns to understandoneself. Only then can conduct oneself appropriately in one’s interpersonal relationshipsand thus occupy one’s rightful position in a community.” Of course, at present, Ethicshas become a specialized discipline. Here are some representative definitions anddescriptions of Ethics as a discipline or Field of study.1)Ethics, from the Greek word ethos, encompasses the study of moral problems,practical reasoning, right and wrong, good and bad, virtues and vices, character,moral duty, and r4elated issues involving the nature, origins, and scope of moralvalues.2)Ethics is the discipline that examines one’s moral standards or the moralstandards of a society. 3)The discipline of ethics essentially boils down to a search for underlying objectivestandards and reasoning for taking a particular course of action or conduct ordesisting from an action or conduct, as the case may be.4)Ethics is the study of what is good and evil, right and wrong, and just and unjust.
5)Ethics is the branch of philosophy that deals with morality.6)Ethics then becomes a practical science designed to test logically the rightnessor wrongness of human acts.