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specifically money spent on the forces stationed in America that were protecting its assets. They also needed to establish and manage the newly acquired lands that were a result of the French and Indian war. The new Monarch, King George III, put laws in to effect that taxed the colonies and the Proclamation Act which prohibited colonists from moving into the Ohio Valley. These changes and tightened control was not welcomed by the colonists as they believed these acts were an infringement upon their rights as Englishmen (Ti & Shindall, 2016); eventually these changes would lead to protest and the revolt.
UNITING THE NATION: ECONOMIC GROWTH 7French and Indian WarFor over 100 years, the Crown was not very interested in the colonies giving them freedom to govern themselves. This resulted in the colonies being self-sufficient and independent; but things changed after the French and Indian war. Also called the 7 Years War, theFrench and Indian War started in 1754 and ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1763. What would essentially be the first “World War” was sparked by a fight over gaining more territory in America and specifically the land in the Ohio Valley. The ownership of this land would determine whether the French or the British would take control of the continent (Ti & Shindall, 2016). In the end, the British were the victors, defeating the French and Natives and more than doubling the size of their territory in North America. After the French and Indian war and under the new Monarch, Britain came to the realization that they needed to be more involved with the colonies. ChangesAfter the war was won and the Treaty of Paris signed, the new King, George III, started to enforce stricter economic regulations on the colonies in order to help reduce the national debt. At the time, the English were paying more than twenty-six times the amount of taxes that the average colonist was paying, so they felt it fair to make the colonists help make up for the expenses administered in order to defend the colonies. The Americans did not agree and felt that the Navigation Act, which stated that the colonies imports must only come from Britain, was tax enough (Ti & Shindall, 2016). The colonists also did not agree with the Proclamation Act that stated they could not move in to the lands in Ohio. Along with these laws they also enforced acts such as the Stamp Act, Sugar Act and Currency Act, among others. The Sugar Act was the first time that revenues were raised and the colonists felt that they were being taxed without their
UNITING THE NATION: ECONOMIC GROWTH 8approval. The Currency Act banned the use of paper money, and the Stamp Act made it so most paper items used had to be stamped, which was essentially the first ever direct tax on goods. The colonists felt as though these new laws were “an infringement upon their rights as Englishmen” (Ti & Shindall, 2016).Following the implementation of these laws, the colonies in America lost faith in the Crown and protests would break out across the colonies leading to the famous line “No taxation without representation!” The colonists felt that they were not fairly being represented in the Parliament as they were not consulted or had any elected members. They knew the most