By absolving suburban districts of responsibility for

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By absolving suburban districts of responsibility for assisting in integratingurban schools, the decision guaranteed that housing segregation would be mirrored in public educationoBy the 1990s, public schools in the North were considerably more segregated than those in the South oWhite viewed the affirmative action programs as reverse discrimination (belief that affirmative action programs discriminate against white people)o1978Regents of the University of California vs. BakkeCourt overturned an admissions program of the U of California at Davis, a public uni, which set aside 16 of 100 places in the entering medical schoolclass for minority studentsJustice Lewis F. Powell, a Nixon appointee who cast the deciding vote in the 5-4 decision, rejected the idea of fixed affirmative action quotasAdded that race could be used as one factor among many in admissions decisions, so affirmative action continued at most colleges and universitiesBakke continues to be the standard by which affirmative action programs are judged today Continuing sexual revolutionoDuring the 70’s, the sexual revolution passed from the counterculture into the social mainstreamoNumber of divorces soared, reaching more than 1 million in 1975, double the number 10 years lateroAge at which both men and women married rose dramatically oBirthrate declined (birth control and abortions)oIn 1972, Congress approved Title IX, which banned gender discrimination in higher educationGiant corporation American Telephone and Telegraph (At&t) entered into a landmark agreement in which it paid millions of dollars to workers who had suffered gender discrimination and to upgrade employment opportunities for womenoGay lesbian movement (born in the 60s) expanded 50 local gay rights groups in the US in the 70s10 years later, their #’s reached into the thousands
Began to elect local officials, persuaded many states to decriminalize homosexual relations, and succeeded in convincing cities with large gay populations to pass antidiscrimination lawsActively encouraged gay men and lesbians to “come out of the closet” – that is, to reveal their sexual orientation Nixon and DétenteoViewed his foreign policy as dangerously “soft” on communismoNixon and Henry Kissinger, his national security adviser and secretary of state, continued their predecessors’ policy of attempting to undermine Third World governments deemed dangerous to American strategic or economic interests oNixon funneled arms to dictatorial pro-American regimes in Iran, the Philippines, and South AfricaoAfter Chile in 1970 elected socialist Salvador Allende as president, the CIA worked with his domestic opponents to destabilize the regime oOn September 11, 1973, Allende was overthrown and killed in a military coup, which installed a bloody dictatorship under General Augusto PinochetoThousands of Allende backers, including a few Americans then in Chile, were tortured and murdered, and many others fled the countryo

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