Doing well on the test requires that you know the

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Principles of Information Systems
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Chapter 11 / Exercise 2.
Principles of Information Systems
Reynolds/Stair
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doing well on the test requires that you know the conventional rules of grammar. You won’t be asked to state the definition of a gerund, but you’ll be in trouble if you can’t make your subjects and verbs agree or if you think a comma splice is something tasty in your spice rack. Obviously, you need to understand grammatical rules for the English Test. While knowing these rules does not explicitly require memorization, most people begin to learn grammar by memorizing its rules. Strategies for the English Test ALTHOUGH THE ENGLISH TEST IS relatively straightforward, you should use certain strategies to improve your speed and efficiency and to avoid any traps the ACT writers may have included. This section covers both broad strategies for approaching the English Test as well as specific tips for eliminating multiple-choice answers. Skim the Entire Passage before Answering the Questions Don’t immediately jump to the questions. Instead, first read quickly through the passage you’re working on; then begin answering the accompanying questions. While reading the passage once through before getting to the questions may seem like extra work, it will prevent you from making unnecessary errors. The English Test instructions warn that you may need to read beyond a question in order to answer it correctly. By being familiar with the entire passage, you can avoid the problem of not having read far enough ahead. Reading the entire passage will also help you with Rhetorical Skills questions by giving you an understanding of the passage’s purpose, argument, and tone. If you need further convincing, the following sample English Test question demonstrates why reading beyond the underlined section is necessary: her has sleek, brown hair 14. F. No change
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Principles of Information Systems
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Chapter 11 / Exercise 2.
Principles of Information Systems
Reynolds/Stair
Expert Verified
dogs 14 G. are H. have J. do not have Seems pretty easy, doesn’t it? “Ah, a simple subject-verb agreement problem,” you’re probably thinking. “The answer, obviously, is H .” But what if we show you the whole sentence? The girl walking her dogs has sleek, brown hair 14 14. F. No change G. are H. have J. do not have Reading the rest of the sentence reveals that the sleek, brown hair belongs to a girl rather than a pack of dogs. The question was about subject-verb agreement, but the words directly next to the underlined phrase misled you into thinking that the subject was “her dogs” and not “the girl.” If you had read the passage first, you would have realized that the correct answer is F . Admittedly, this example exaggerates the case for reading beyond the question, but it gets our point across. Ultimately, if you quickly read through the passage before tackling the questions, you’ll avoid unnecessary mistakes without sacrificing much time. Answer the Questions in the Order They Appear Answer ACT English questions in the order in which they appear. This suggestion is really just common sense. After all, the questions appear in a certain order for a reason: a question at the beginning deals with the beginning of the passage, a question in the middle deals with the middle of the passage, and so on. An organization question in the middle of a passage won’t ask you to

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