or avoid obligations from signing the contract. Analysis/Reasoning How did the court apply the facts to the rule? Although they use the rule, the court says that it is not absolute. An exception is that a minor may not avoid a contract for goods or services necessary for his health. Examples of necessary goods and services include housing, apparel, medical aid, teaching and instruction. According to the court, the rule does not apply to the employment context. Students that are under 18 cannot be employed under the state child labor law. There was an exception to the rule that 16-17 year old students can be employed if they are currently not in school. Therefore, the court legislature agreed that the student was qualified to sign the contract. In this case, Douglass was a 17-year-old high school graduate when he began his employment at the car dealership. Consequently, the trial court properly held that although Douglass was a minor in the State of Hawaii, he was competent to enter into a contract of employment with Pflueger. However, Douglass is not bound by the arbitration provision contained in the employee handbook because he is a minor.
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