wine BUT made with red grape of pinot noir Study carried at university of

Wine but made with red grape of pinot noir study

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wine —> BUT made with red grape of pinot noir - Study carried at university of Bordeaux showed that : wine might cut the risk of Alzheimer’s disease Moderate amount recommended = 3-4 glasses a day - Dr. Maury : medicine by wine — theory = ALL diseases can be teated by wine, you just have to use the right kind of wine Bordeaux: diabetes Beaujolais: infections Sylvaner: obesity etc… 55 of 66
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VIDEO 3 HISTORY OF WINE - Bible: And Noah began to be a husbandman, and he planted a vineyard And he drank of the wine, and was drunken, and he was uncovered within his tent And all the days of Noah were 950 years, and he died - Greeks: keep wine from air oxidation, coated inside of amphora with resin,that would impact the taste of the wine (Created wine type that is Retsina). Good humour (good health): get drunk at least once a month (Galen) Bad humour (bad health) - Romans: “Wine lives longer than man, let’s drink like sponges because wine is life” (Petronius) Didn’t know how to keep their wine, to prevent air oxidation, cover top of liquid with oil (not very effective + decreases quality) Bad wine = vappa = woppo (with time) Slur against Italians is woppo - Wine was kept in barrels to age. Volume expressed in tons Name of ships: how many barrels can be kept in ships When the wine is drawn, one has to drink it (French proverb) — bc when outside of barrel in contact with air, it oxidizes very quickly, would go bad if was not drunk, no way of preserving it - 17 th century: cork collected from oak trees to age wine properly - Over years, shape of wine bottled changed From lateral to longitudinal - Flat bottom: stand well on table (1708) - Wine can age, elongated bottle to keep cork moist VIDEO 4 - In the late 1800s, Phylloxera struck the French wine growing region - Phylloxera : insect that feeds on the root of the vine, sucking away the juices from the vine, killing it - Gustave Foex : was able to find a way to restore the wine growing region in France took American vine roots and grafted them on French roots because the American roots could resist the insect 56 of 66
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- Varieties that grew in France before Phylloxera not found in France anymore, but found in Chile : some of the varieties were transplanted to Chile before the Phylloxera Chile was protected by the Andes, insects never got there Carménère : what Bordeaux wine was made of before insects PRODUCTION OF WINE - White grapes: white wine - Red grapes: red wine or white wine White with red grapes: have to make sure that grape juice does not come into contact with grape skin because skin contains the colour - Making of wine = 1. Fermentation of sugar (found inside the grape) by yeast (found on the surface of the grape) —> this is why grapes have to be crushed — for inside to come into contact with outside - Sugars (sucrose, glucose, fructose) —YEAST—> CO 2 + ethanol (C 2 H 5 OH) Same as in the making of bread, sugars are transformed into CO2 that allows bread to rise Red wine: short fermentation (1 week) at high temperature White wine: longer fermentation (weeks) at lower temperature -
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  • Spring '11
  • Multiple
  • Nutrition

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