As the counsellor works on each pupils personal issues heshe depends at least

As the counsellor works on each pupils personal

This preview shows page 44 - 47 out of 266 pages.

decisions basic to planning their educational and vocational aspirations. As the counsellor works on each pupils personal issues he/she depends at least, in part, on test data that reflects the students aptitudes, achievement, interests and personal characteristics. Test data may furnish information regarding limitations of ability and other characteristics relevant to counselling. Counsellors interpret such information to help students develop insight into their own pattern of assets and short-comings in relation to various educational, occupational and environmental demands. Counsellors use tests to diagnose student problems. Problems related to difficulty or inability of pupils to cope with their social environment, problems of student growth and development, or academic deficiencies may be identified and plans to reduce or eradicate them may be mutually determined. Tests help counsellors to evaluate the outcomes of guidance/counselling to assess the worth of their work. Administrators
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Tests are used to help make decisions in overall -educational planning. They are used in making decisions of curriculum, emphasis identification of pupils needs, classification of educational objectives and the like. Administrators use tests to determine the strengths and weaknesses of instructional programs. Test data help in identifying strengths and inadequacies in curriculum content and organization. Information from standardized tests of ability and achievement is useful in determining where pupils may best be placed in subjects and curricular tracks adapted to various levels of instructions. Tests therefore are used by Administrators to make decisions regarding groups of students for instructional purposes. Administrators use tests to identify areas in which supervision is needed. Supervision is given to help teachers develop and secure coordination of instructional efforts. Tests can help identify instructional areas that need modification and to identify, needed instructional materials and facilities. Last but not the least, Administrators use tests to help determine the overall effectiveness of the school. They are concerned with how well the school achieves its objectives. Test results are therefore valuable in discussing with parents the schools effectiveness and the nature of the educational program. Limitations of psychological tests Testing has long faced a lot of criticisms from test experts as well as within the counselling profession. There have also been some criticisms coming from outside the family of test experts as well as the counselling profession. Some of the criticisms are discussed below. Classification by abilities. Test measures categories of students in their careers and thus predetermines their school and adult success, and status. Classification levels
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such as bright, average, inferior, are applied to individuals based on their measured intelligence and these labels follow such people throughout their school as well as working life. Such labels and their subsequent expectancies do irreparable harm to the individuals self-esteem and their educational and career motivation. The validity and reliability of standardized tests have been
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  • Fall '17
  • Secondary education, Vocational guidance, school Counsellor, COUNSELLING AND PSYCHOTHERAPY DEFINED

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