Washington’s advice 1. Remain unified 2. Maintain checks and balances 3. No foreign affairs G. Sectionalism: Division on a political issue based on region H. XYZ Affair: Adams sent 3 men to France to talk to french foreign minister Talleyrand but they were met by three lower officials who demanded $250,000 bribe I. Alien and Sedition Acts: 1. Naturalization Acts increases residency requirements from 5 to 16 years of citizenship 2. Disqualified people from certain countries from becoming U.S citizens 3. Banned publishing scandalous material about gov. Key Moments and Events a) Washington added six justices to the Supreme Court b) Washington creates cabinet (1) Members (a) Thomas Jefferson: Secretary of State. (b) Henry Knox: Secretary of War. (c) Alexander Hamilton: Secretary of the Treasury. (d) Edmund Randolph: Attorney General. (e) *John Adams (VP) was excluded (2) Branch: Executive
(3) Rivalry: Jefferson v. Hamilton c) Washington Declares Neutrality (1) April 2, 1793- Washington issued a declaration of Neutrality (2) Stated that America would not support either side in the conflict (3) Jefferson resigned from Cabinet in 1793 (4) As a response to the Declaration d) Causes of Neutrality (1) Washington felt that fighting other nations would lead to our downfall (2) Throughout his Presidency, refused to get involved in foreign matters (3) Gave this advice to the next president John Adams e) Whiskey Rebellion (1) Rebellion over Whiskey tax. Rebels attacked tax collectors f) Jay’s Treaty (1) A treaty that settled issues between Great Britain and America (2) Very unpopular with American public (3) Britain agreed to remove troops in north but America received very little. Jefferson and Madison Thomas Jefferson - A political leader of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries; one of the Founding Fathers; the leader of the Democratic-Republican party. James Madison - an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the fourth President of the United States from 1809 to 1817. Federalist. Both ran in the Election of 1796. Battled each other. North wanted Adams, South wanted Jefferson. Sectionalism. Adams one with 71 votes. Jefferson got 68 becoming VP. Louisiana purchase Step 1: Offer to buy part of the Territory from France ● Spain transfers the louisiana territory to France ● France restricts American access to New Orleans ● 1803 - Jefferson appoints Monroe and Livingston to go to France and offer $10 million for New Orleans and parts of Florida Step 2: Seize the opportunity and buy the whole territory ● Napoleon gave up on dreams of a North American empire due to the Haitian Revolution ● Monroe and Livingston offer $15 million for the entire territory
● Napoleon accepts the offer- America receives the territory at a price of 3¢ per acre Step 3: Buy it anyway and cite Implied powers ● April 30, 1803- Monroe agrees to terms with French Ministers ○ Not approved by congress ● Jefferson completes the deal anyway- says it is an “implied power” and it is for the good of the country ● October 20, 1803- senate approves
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- Fall '19