13. An ______________________ synapse causes the receiving cell to fire. 14. The __________________________ mimic or enhance the effects of a neurotransmitter on the receptor sites of the next cell, increasing or decreasing the activity of that cell. 15. The __________________ _______________ is a long bundle of neurons that carries messages to and from the body to the brain that is responsible for very fast, lifesaving reflexes. 16. A neuron that carries information from the senses to the central nervous system and is also known as the afferent neuron is called a ____________________ ________________.
17. All nerves and neurons that are not contained in the brain and spinal cord but that run through the body itself are in the __________________ ____________________ system. 18. The division of the PNS consisting of nerves that carry information from the senses to the CNS and from the CNS to the voluntary muscles of the body is the ______________ ________________ system. 19. The ___________________ _________________ system is the division of the PNS consisting of nerves that control all of the involuntary muscles, organs, and glands. 20. The part of the ANS that is responsible for reacting to stressful events and causing bodily arousal is called the _______________________ __________________ of the nervous system. 21. A machine designed to record the brain wave patterns produced by electrical activity of the surface of the brain is called an _________________________. 22. The part of the lower brain located behind the pons that controls and coordinates involuntary, rapid, fine motor movement is called the ______________________. 23. The part of the limbic system located in the center of the brain. This structure relays sensory information from the lower part of the brain to the proper areas of the cortex and processes some sensory information before sending it to its proper area. It is called the _______________________.
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- Spring '14