what happens when you adults move out into the world of work (p. 196)? List 2 changes.
Their way of thinking does change. One idea is that as they face the constraints of reality that work promotes, their idealism decreases Perry:(p. 197), dualism, multiplicity or relativism, commitment in relativism. Know some things about expertise in a domain & cognitive ability. Perry: adolescents often view the world in terms of polarities—right/wrong, we/they, or good/bad; become aware of multiple perspectives of others in Perry's view, the absolutist, dualistic thinking of adolescence gives way to the reflective, relativistic thinking of adulthood.Changes in cognition in middle and late adulthood (p. 199)Fluid intelligence, the person's ability to reason abstractly, has been theorized to decrease in middle and late adulthood Crystallized intelligence,the individual's accumulated information and verbal skills, has been proposed to increase during middle and late adulthood.Cognitive mechanics, linked to biological foundations and brain development, have been hypothesized to decline in middle and late adulthood. Cognitive processes that are components of cognitive mechanics include processing speed, attention, and some aspects of memory. Cognitive pragmatics, which are associated with experience and culture, have been proposed to increase during middle and late adulthood. Components of cognitive pragmatics include reading and writing skills, language comprehension, professional skills, and wisdom.Bronfenbrenner (Ch.1, p. 23-24) Ecological development, micro, meso, macro, exo & chrono system.Bronfenbrenneranalyzes the social contexts of development in terms of five environmental systemsThe microsystem, or the setting in which the individual lives, such as a family, the world of peers, schools, work, and so onThe mesosystem, which consists of links between microsystems, such as the connection between family processes and peer relationsThe exosystem, which consists of influences from another setting (such as parents' work) that the individual does not experience directlyThe macrosystem, or the culture in which the individual lives, such as anethnic group or a nationThe chronosystem, or sociohistoricalcircumstances, such as the increased numbers of working mothers, divorced parents, stepparent families, gay and lesbian parents, and multiethnic families in the United States in the last 30 to 40yearsExam 2 Study Guide Part 2 - LanguageSpring 2017 – Santrock, 8thed.Language (Ch. 9) p. 271-292