This was important because while the treatment did

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were recorded to be loss of motivation, apathy and mutism. This was important because while the treatment did cure the patients of their neurosis, it brought a new problem of ethics and essentially stripped the patient of what made them human, their emotions and personality. Additionally, the abuse of lobotomy eventually led to the overcrowding of mental asylums.
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Week 4: Lopez-Munoz Article – Cajal and Neuron Theory. Secondary Source. Themes: Power of Analytic and Synthetic Chemistry. In 1906, Santiago Ramon y Cajal won the nobel prize for his work on neuron theory. The prevailing view before this was Reticular theory (the view of the nervous system being a continues net of nerves) however using Camillo Golgi’s method of staining on a cell, he showed definitive evidence that the nervous system was composed of separate individual cells that interacted with each other. Magendie and Sherrington/Clarke and O’Malley Article. Secondary Source. Theme: Elimination of function and Localization. Francois Magendie was a Frenchmen and known for his work on spinal roots by experimenting on animals without anesthesia. In the 1820s, he published a series of experiments and found that if you severed the anterior root then the muscle attached to it became placid, as well as establishing posterior roots as sensory. This discovery was important because it provided a physiological basis for localization as predicted by Gall’s suspicions. Granit Article – Sherrington’s Basic Concepts. Themes: Localization. Sherrington coined the term “synapse” Week 5: Frank All or none Article. Nope. Not Gonna do this article. Lucas, Forbes, Adrian, Erlanger and Gasser/Cole Article. Secondary Source. Themes: Microscopic Technology Advances. Keith Lucas contributed to neurosciences in the late 19 th century by developing equipment to measure impluses from peripheral nerves. He wanted to demonstrate the “all or nothing” principle but his work was cut short by his death. However, it was Lucas’s student Adrian, who continued his work on the nerve impulse. Week 6: Tansey Article – Dale and Discovery of acetylcholine. Theme: Strategies used to detect events and processes. Though acetylcholine had been synthesized in the mid 19 th century, it had not been discovered as occurring naturally in the animal body until Henry Dale but at the time there was little evidence for its physiological sugnificane and further research declined. However in the 1920s, a researcher by the name of Otto Loewi discovered a chemical he called “vagusstoff” which was later found to be a choline derivative. Research and evidence for chemical neurotransmission was further aided by Wilhelm Feldberg with his leech test that utilize eserine and the inhibitory activity of enzymes, which ultimately changed the analysis of acetylcholine. Feldberg Article. Mostly About his life. Boo. Dale, Felberg and Vogt Article. I have no idea what they are talking about.
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