the imposing of rules by the researcher to decrease the possibility of error, thereby increasing the probability that the study's findings are an accurate reflection of reality Extraneous Variables they exist in all studies and can interfere with obtaining a clear understanding of the relationships among the study variables Sampling a process of selecting subjects who are representative of the population being studied
How do researches increase the control and decrease the chance of bias? Random sampling Research Setting the setting in which the study is conducted Three Types of Research Setting Natural Setting- uncontrolled, real- life situations or enviroment Partially Controlled- an enviroment that the research has manipulated or modified in some way Highly Controlled- an artifically constructed enviroment developed for the sole purpose of conducting research Process Includes a purpose, a series of actions, and a goal It provides direction for the implementatin of a series of actions to achieve an identified goal Problem- Solving Process involves the systemic identification of a problem, determinaion of goals related t the problem, identification of possible approaches to achieve those goals (planning), implementation of selected approaches, and evaluation of goal acheivement
What kind of process is the nursing process? It's a subset of the problem- solving process Quantitative Research Process Involves conceptualizing a research project, planning and implmenting that project, and communicatingthe findings Identifiying the Steps of the Quantitative Reseaerch Process 1. Research Problem and Purpose Research Problem- usually identifies an area of concern for a particular population that requires investigation Research Purpose- generated from the problem and identifies the specific goal of the study 2. Literature Review generates a picture of what is known and not known about a particlar problem and to document why a study needs to be conducted 3. Study Framework The abstract, theoretical basis for a study that enables the researcher o link the findings to nursing's body of knowledge Theory- integrated set of defined concepts and relational statements that present a view of a phenomenon and can be used to describe, explain, predict, or control the phenomenon
4. Research Objectives, Questions, and Hypotheses
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- Fall '16
- Denise Cauble