Trumans administration decides to rearm acost lots

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2.Truman’s administration decides to rearm
a.Cost lots and lots of moneyb.Did not really convince Congress of this plan yetc.Decides to develop a hydrogen bomb (beginning of the arms race)IV.Cold War at Home – The Second Red ScareA.Disloyally at Home1.Begins in 1946 with the discovery of a Soviet spy camera2.Loyalty program (1946-47) massive government effort to ensure loyalty of all who worked in government a.Would be investigated if suspected to be disloyalb.Sets off a panic in Americans as lots of people fear being targeted3.Red Scare takes a new intensity in 1949-50 because of the Chinese Revolution and the Russia’s developing the bomb4.Two spies are charged in the USa.A. Hiss i.Well-connected diplomat and accused of giving documents to the Soviets in the 1930sii.Could not get him for spying because of the statue of limitations so charged him with perjury insteadb.Rosenbergs i.Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were both Jewishii.Julius worked in atomic energy program and was accused of giving atomic secrets to the Soviet UnionoHappened during WWIIoTried for treason, found guilty, and executed c.Whether or not the spies are guilty, it is a sure sign that the Cold Warhas gone bad in Americans’ opinion
1.Senator Joseph McCarthy (R-Wisconsin) says he knows communist work within the US State Department
2.Not a good alternate name for the Second Red Scare because McCarthy was more a creature of the Red Scare not a creator of it
C.Congressional Investigations by HUAC – House Un-American Activities Commission1.Investigates many people suspected of being communists and taking steps to create a communist government in the USa.Much of Hollywood is investigated and many did not want to testify before Congressb.Many people in Hollywood were blacklisted because of this2.Also investigates McCarthy and his accusations3.People had to prove they were not communist or had turned from communism by naming other names of who was suspected to be communist4.The Red Scare operated on ALL levelsa.Banned the book Robin Hoodbecause of its ideas of taking from the rich and giving to the poorb.College students were targeted and threatenedD.Red Scare’s Influence on Policy1.The Red Scare helps fan the fear of communisma.

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