I had no more future. I did not see how I could escape my cocaine dependence. I was lost. I was ‘exploding’ and unable to stop myself from conGnuing to seriously abuse cocaine. I had hallucinaGons that animals were crawling under my skin. I felt them each Gme I shot up and scraped myself with the point of my syringe unGl I started bleeding in order to make them leave. I was once bleeding so heavily from this I had to be taken to the hospital.” —Susan
Hallucinogens: An Overview • Nature of hallucinogens – Change the way the user perceives the world – Cause individual to see or hear things in different and unusual ways – “expand one’s mind” – Feel detached from one’s body
Hallucinogens: Marijuana, LSD and Related Drugs Hallucinogens Cannabis (marijuana) LSD Mescaline peyote Psilocybin mushrooms PCP
Marijuana Marijuana Classified as mild hallucinog en • Derived from Cannabis saIva (hemp plant) • AcIve ingredient is THC (tetrahydrocannibal) • Smoked or ingested • When smoked has peak effect within 30 minutes usually lasts 1-3 hours • Cannabinoid receptors involved in a variety of physiological processes including appeIte, pain- sensaIon, mood, memory
Effects of Marijuana Varied Effects Euphoria, RelaxaIon, DistorIons in sense of Ime, vision, hearing Sleepiness, Increased appeIte, Slowed reacIon Ime, Loss of coordinaIon Impaired learning and memory, paranoia, anxiety, panic abacks, hallucinaIons Usually a<er daily use for at least a few months: Withdrawal sxs can occur-irritability, anger, anxiety, depressed mood, diﬃculty sleeping, decreased appeIte, restlessness (3 or more)
Marijuana SyntheIc cannabinoids • Mimic effects THC, acIve plant-derived substance in marijuana • “Spice,” “K2,” “Blaze” SyntheIc cathinones • Mimic cocaine and amphetamines • “Bath salts”
Past month use of illicit drugs by age
Past month use of illicit drugs over Ime
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- Fall '11
- Abnormal Psychology, cocaine