At that point the allies linked up with the soviets

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At that point, the Allies linked up with the Soviets, who defeated Germany in tank battles and forced Germany to surrender, with Hitler committing suicide Japan 1939: Japan joins Axis Powers with Germany and Italy 1940: US imposes embargo on Japan Stopped selling oil, iron, and steel Provoked Japan to act because they need that stuff to conquer East Asia Pearl Harbor (December 7, 1941) Japanese sneak attack in US 2,500 Americans killed Most of Pacific fleet destroyed Battle of Midway (June 1942) US gains naval/air advantage as Japan loses more than it can replace US needed to destroy Japan’s ability to fight
Firebombing of Tokyo (February 1945) US incendiary bombs kill at least 100,000 US needed to knock out industries and factories to weaken Japan but killed many innocent people in the process Okinawa (March 1945) US invasion results in 12,000 Americans and 120,000 Japanese deaths Japan needed to defend the island at all costs so they continued fighting Hiroshima and Nagasaki (August 1945) Atomic bombs kill 80,000 (Hiroshima) and 60,000 (Nagasaki) Invading Japan would have killed at least 1 million Japanese people The US wanted Japan to surrender Aftermath of World War II August 1945: Allies met and created the International Military Tribunal. Tribunal was the name given to the court that charged the top 24 German officials Other trials were held afterwards in other places in Germany, with a military tribunal in Tokyo and Japan 21 Nazis tried, many sentenced at Nuremberg Trials Ignored crimes of Allies How did the Cold War Begin? Origins of the Cold War: A cold war is a state of tension and hostility without armed conflict Post War Germany West Germany (controlled by Western Allies) West Germany was ‘DeNazified’ through Nuremberg Trials Allies promoted education and democracy East Germany (controlled by Soviet Union) Stalin took over East German factories Resources used to help rebuild Soviet Union Germany divided Berlin Blockade Soviets blocked all traffic into West Berlin (inside East Germany) Truman orders Berlin Aircraft of 2 million tons of supplies. Airplanes deliver supplies across the blockade Berlin wall (1961) The Truman Doctrine (1947) Truman promised to support free people who resisted communism Sent money to help Greece and Turkey stop communist takeover Marshall Plan (1945-1952) George Marshall (US Secretary of State) feared spread of communism due to post war poverty US sent 13 billions dollars to help rebuild Western Europe New Alliances 1949 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO): US, Canada, and 10 Western Europe nations agreed to defend each other if attacked 1955: The Warsaw Project - Soviet Union and 7 Eastern European nations agreed to a similar treaty US and Cuba Spanish American War US defeats Spain, and Cuba wins independence 1901: US amends Cuba’s constitution US claims right to intervene in Cuba US leases Guantanamo Bay 1900-1960: US companies control sugar and mining US supports Anti Communist Fulgencio Batista (1952 - 1959) Cuban Revolution Fidel Castro overthrows Batista Castro announces land redistribution Sugar 1960: Cuba nationalizes US sugar industries (the government takes control over it)

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