bound to perform. Payments to foreign officials may be legal under the FCPA if the payments are permitted under the
written laws of the host country. Certain payments or reimbursements relating to product promotion may also be
permitted under FCPA.
Grease Payment –
also known as a
is a certain type of payment to foreign officials which is not
considered to be bribery according to legislations of some states as well as in the international anti-bribery conventions.
Within the US federal legislation, a facilitating payment or "grease payment", is a payment to a foreign official, political
party or party official for "routine governmental action," such as processing papers, issuing permits, and other actions of
an official, in order to expedite performance of duties of non-discretionary nature, i.e., which they are already bound to
perform. The payment is not intended to influence the outcome of the official's action, only its timing. Facilitation payments
are one of the few exceptions from anti-bribery prohibitions of the law.
Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act (WARN)
Passed in 1988, in response to sudden dismissal of employees without notice coupled with company shutdowns
Requires employers to provide
notice before a facility closing or mass layoff (50+employees)
Two exceptions -- faltering businesses or unforeseeable circumstances
FDA (Food and Drug administration) is responsible for
protecting the public health by assuring the safety, effectiveness, and security of human and veterinary drugs,
vaccines and other biological products, medical devices, our nation’s food supply, cosmetics, dietary supplements,
and products that give off radiation
regulating tobacco products
advancing the public health by helping to speed product innovations
helping public get accurate, science-based information they need to use medicines and foods to improve their
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
) is an agency of the federal government
Establish and enforce environmental protection standards, conduct environmental research, monitor the environment,
and assist the Council of Environmental Quality in recommending new policies to the President.
Conducts environmental assessment, research, and education.
Sets and enforces national standards under a variety of environmental laws.
EPA enforcement powers include fines, sanctions, and other measures.
Works with industries and all levels of government in a wide variety of voluntary pollution prevention programs and
energy conservation efforts.
Responsible for preventing, detecting, and enforcing environmental crimes, informing the public, and setting and
monitoring standards of air pollution, water pollution, hazardous waste, and hazardous chemicals.
Establishes water quality standards and enforces the Clean Water Act