midterm review - final copy

The first documented instance of a gay community in

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the first documented instance of a gay community in the West a series of police raids on London residences the police caught mostly lower middle class men (butchers, servants, etc.) these men partied and celebrated; in some cases they “married” each other they called each other by feminine pronouns and names they had sex together in the houses 4. Labouchere Amendment part of the Criminal Law Amendment of 1885 prohibited “acts of gross indecency ” between males two year sentence such acts between women were not mentioned
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Week 6 5. historical background of sodomy legislation in the US almost all sexuality laws are up to the states every colony had sodomy laws, which the states adopted in the late 19 th century, the laws began to be enforced vigorously Illinois was the first state to repeal its sodomy law in 1967 6. eugenics movement related to the social purity movement anxiety among native-born Americans about immigrants anxiety about fast growing cities and industrialization desire to increase the population of N. European whites prevent “undesirables” from breeding too much (or at all) o weak heredity homosexuality o immigrants and working-class have “bad” genes o cause of drunkenness, insanity, poverty, and sexual abnormalities 7. Dr. H.C. Sharp worked at the Indiana Reformatory published a paper about his work in 1899 advocated sterilization of the “unfit” he defined the “unfit” as “the insane, the imbecile, the sexual perverts, habitual inebriates, prostitutes, tramps, criminals, etc.” boasted that he had performed more than 236 vasectomies (without anesthetic)
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Week 6 8. social Darwinism justification of European rule N. Europeans had evolved the most because they were the most fit; other races were less developed this theory was strongest in Germany and America purifying the race o Hitler’s regime killed the mentally and physically disabled, gay men, Gypsies, and Jews because they were considered “unworthy of life” o prisoners of other nationalities were sterilized these measures would purify humanity and produce a superior race of Aryans 9. Bowers v. Hardwick (1986) the Supreme Court ruled that state sodomy laws were constitutional Hardwick’s lawyers argued that since Hardwick had been having sex in his own bedroom with a consulting adult when arrested, his right to privacy was violated the majority opinion said that “there is no constitutional right to sodomy” 10. Lawrence v. Texas (2003) the Supreme court overturned the Hardwick decision consensual anal sex in Lawrence’s apartment they argued discrimination because Texas prohibited only homosexual sodomy right to privacy (established in Roe v. Wade, 1973) the majority on the Court wrote that homosexuals were entitled to privacy and dignity the Christian Right warned that his decision would open the door to gay marriage o they were right 11. Oscar Wilde
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Week 6
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