on normative and ideational reasons for actors behaviour but puts a higher

On normative and ideational reasons for actors

This preview shows page 104 - 107 out of 354 pages.

on normative and ideational reasons for actors behaviour, but puts a higher weight on the institutional structural context (whether material, normative or perceptive), which shapes individual behaviour (Hay 2006). The institutional setting influences and is influenced by agents’ ideas, discourse, and actions (Schmidt 2008, 2010, 2011b). 30 This is where Schmidt sees a main point of difference to the other three forms of new institutionalism. She (2008, p. 314) argues that “RI, HI, and SI effectively leave us with “unthinking” actors who are in an important sense not agents at all.”
Image of page 104
91 These settings might refer to the ‘meaning context’, the ‘forum’, and/or ‘formal institutions’. Meaning context is about sense making and ‘getting it right’. The forum refers to the ‘logic of communication’, including existing procedural rules or their ad-hoc creation. The formal institutions “affect where discourse matters, by establishing who talks to whom about what, where and when (Schmidt 2006, p. 19). Schmidt points out that the approaches to analyse the interactions of ideational change cross different epistemological and ontological approaches. They range from a focus on the importance of ‘ideas’ (Béland 2009), to ‘critical discourse’ (Foucault 2000; Laclau and Lowndes 2007) and to ‘interpretive’, where everything is socially constructed. Schmidt suggests that DI adopts a middle-way, using both background ideational abilities and non-ideational communicative foreground abilities that enable actors to go beyond and change (ideational) structures. Schmidt (2011b) warns that ideas and discourse should not be seen as the only explanation of policy change and that DI, instead, should be viewed in addition to the other three forms of new institutional theory. This is evident in the underlying theoretical and epistemological assumptions of DI’s elements. It is for this approach, however, that DI has also been criticised. Bell (2011) has questioned the value of DI as a distinct separate form of new institutional theory. He refers to the overlap between DI and ideational forms of HI. Bell (2011, p. 906) argue s that ideational HI research “can easily accommodate an agential focus and key construct ivist insights”. He warns, however, of the danger that the focus on agents could neglect the institutions and material settings that influence actors. He suggests that the use of ideational HI and DI rely on very similar theoretical underpinnings and models for their investigation with different labels. While Bell’s analysis has merit to the extent that HI and DI researchers use similar theoretical
Image of page 105
92 models, this thesis accepts Schmidt ’s response that DI’s value lies in its emphasis on the potential of endogenously motivated change and in focusing attention on ideas and discourse. Figure 4.2 visualises the elements of DI.
Image of page 106
Image of page 107

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 354 pages?

  • Fall '13
  • Government, The Land, International Financial Reporting Standards, Financial Accounting Standards Board, Australian Accounting Standards Board, Snow

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors