Often a synonym for urban neighborhood currently no

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often a synonym for urban neighborhood Currently no consensus on significance of community in modern social life Geography is perhaps less important today than relationships
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Categories of local communities Defended neighborhood is an area that residents feel is their turf Contrived or conscious community is an area consciously set up to create a community image - gated communities
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Density and crowding Crowding Research High density & crowding associated with: epidemics, contagion, crime, moral degradation One’s social background & experience play a major role in how “high density” is perceived Upper-middle-class prefer more space Working-class prefer being in the action, crowded space Streets seen as empty space, or activity space
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Practical implications Rather than trying to escape crowds, people move toward areas of highest per-person density Research in NYC – enhancing the commercial areas: 1. retail shops on outer street level 2. access to street-level shops from street 3. street-level windows must be transparent (no blank walls)
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Homelessness is declining Difficult to get data – estimate: 2012  633,782 Increased government support (HPRP) - permanent supportive housing (Homeless Prevention and Rapid Housing) Decreasing use of shelters (overnight)
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Characteristics of homeless Perceptions: derelict wino/alcoholic, bag lady, drug addict
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