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Climbed mr makiling near kalamba and placed there

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climbed Mr. Makiling, near Kalamba, and placed there, after the European custom, a flag to show thatthey had reached the summit. This act was at first misrepresented by the enemies of Rizal as planting aGerman banner, for they started a story that he had taken possession of the Islands in the name of thecountry where he was educated, which was just then in unfriendly relations with Spain over thequestion of the ill treatment of the Protestant missionaries in the Caroline Islands. This same story wasrepeated after the American occupation with the variation that Rizal, as the supreme chief andoriginator of the ideas of the Katipunan (which in fact he was nothe was even opposed to the societyas it existed in his time), had placed there a Filipino banner, in token that the Islands intended toreassume the independent condition of which the Spanish had dispossessed them.José T. de Andrade, Rizal’s bodyguard.José T. de Andrade, Rizal’s bodyguard.“Noli Me Tangere” circulated first among Doctor Rizal’s relatives; on one occasion a cousin made aspecial trip to Kalamba and took the author to task for having caricatured her in the character of DoñaVictorina. Rizal made no denial, but merely suggested that the book was a mirror of Philippine life, withtypes that unquestionably existed in the country, and that if anybody recognized one of the charactersas picturing himself or herself, that person would do well to correct the faults which therein appearedridiculous.A somewhat liberal administration was now governing Page 138the Philippines, and efforts were beingmade to correct the more glaring abuses in the social conditions. One of these reforms proposed thatthe larger estates should bear their share of the taxes, which it was believed they were then escaping toa great extent. Requests were made of the municipal government of Kalamba, among other towns, for astatement of the relation that the big Dominican hacienda bore to the town, what increase or decreasethere might have been in the income of the estate, and what taxes the proprietors were payingcompared with the revenue their place afforded.Rizal interested the people of the community to gather reliable statistics, to go thoroughly into theactual conditions, and to leave out the generalities which usually characterized Spanish documents.
He asked the people to coöperate, pointing out that when they did not complain it was their own faultmore than that of the government if they suffered injustice. Further, he showed the folly of exaggeratedstatements, and insisted upon a definite and moderate showing of such abuses as were unquestionablywithin the power of the authorities to relieve. Rizal himself prepared the report, which is an excellentpresentation of the grievances of the people of his town. It brings forward as special points in favor ofthe community their industriousness, their willingness to help themselves, their interest in education,

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Term
Fall
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Mrs Jose Rizal

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