A 50 year old male presents with low back pain He denies trauma and says he

A 50 year old male presents with low back pain he

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A 50-year-old male presents with low back pain. He denies trauma and says he justwoke up and it was hurting. An MRI reveals that the vertebra at L5 slid forward relative to those above and below it. Which of the following conditions will be documented on the chart?a. Degenerative disk diseaseb. Spondylolysisc. Spondylolisthesisd. Spinal stenosisc. Spondylolisthesis21.The majority of intervertebral disk herniations occur between which vertebral levels (cervical, C; thoracic, T; lumbar, L; sacral, S)?a. C1 to C3b. T1 to T4c. T12 to L3d. L4 to S1d. L4 to S122.A 30-year-old white male recently suffered a cerebrovascular accident. Which of the following is the most likely factor that contributed to his stroke?c. Diabetes23.Which of the following would increase a patient's risk for thrombotic stroke?a. Hyperthyroidismb. Hypertensionc. Anemiad. Dehydrationd. Dehydration24.Of the following groups, who are at highest risk for a cerebrovascular accident (CVA)?a. Blacks over 65 years of age25.A 72-year-old male demonstrates left-sided weakness of upper and lower extremities. The symptoms lasted 4 hours and resolved with no evidence of infarction. The patient most likely experienced a(n):c. Transient ischemic attack
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a. Stroke in evolutionb. Arteriovenous malformationc. Transient ischemic attackd. Cerebral hemorrhage26.A major contributing process in CVAs is the development of atheromatous plaques in cerebral circulation. These most commonly form:c. In cerebral arteries27.A 60-year-old female with a recent history of head trauma and a long-term history of hypertension presents to the ER for changes in mental status. MRI reveals that she had a hemorrhagic stroke. What does the nurse suspect caused this type of stroke?a. Rheumatic heart diseaseb. Thrombic. Aneurysmd. Hypotensionc. Aneurysm28.A 75-year-old male experienced a lacunar stroke. When looking through the historyof the patient's chart, which of the following would the nurse expect to find?b. Hypertension29.A 25-year-old male died from a gunshot wound to the heart. Upon autopsy, abnormalities in the media of the arterial wall and degenerative changes were detected. Which of the following most likely accompanied this finding?b. Saccular aneurysm30.A 48-year-old female presents at the ER reporting an acute severe headache, nausea, photophobia, and nuchal rigidity. What does the nurse suspect caused these signs and symptoms?
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