Lurid tale of urban life in philly features drunks

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The Quaker City (1845).Lurid tale of urban life in PhillyFeatures drunks, murderers, adulterers and confidence men°°Religious Roots of reform°Calvinism (pre-determination) vs Armenianism (choice)°Perfectionism aka SanctificationJohn Wesley and the Methodists°Pre-millennialism and Postmillennialism°°Temperance°On a bingeBy 1830 Americans consumed 5 gallons of distilled spirits per capitaper year
Declined to 2 gallons per year°Goals of early temperance advocates°Shift in 1830s to total abstinenceLyman Beecher and the American Temperance UnionWashington Temperance Society °°Abolitionism°Antislavery movement before 1830American Colonization Society, Founded 1816°William Lloyd GarrisonBegins publishing the Liberature Jan 1, 1831°Immediate vs graduate emancipation°New England Antislavery Society, 1832, American Antislavery Society 1833°Other leaders: Theodore Dwight Weld, Fredrick Douglass, Sojourner Truth, Charles Finney °Proslavery reactions to abolitionism after 1830°°Election of 1828°Rise of 2ndparty system°Adam’s supporters claimedJackson’s mother prostitute
Jackson a murderJackson a drunken gamblerJackson an adultererMarriage to Rachel Robards in 1971°Jackson’s supporters claimedRich aristocratWore silk drawsProvided the tsar of Russia an American prostitute°°Jackson’s First Term°Transforming American Politics°Andrew Jackson elected in 1828 and 1832°Beginning of modern presidency°Vetoed bills because he considered them bad policy not simply unconstitutional°Eliminated the national bank which regulated state banks°Expanded the amount of paper money in circulation°°Jackson’s second term°National bank expires in 1836°Value of all banknotes jumps from $82 million in 1835 to 120 million 1836°329 banks in 1829, 788 in 1836
°50% inflation°land sales: 2.6 million in 1835 $25 million in 1836°°Politics°Martin Van Buren elected in 1836Economy collapsed in 1837Wages fell 30-50% “Martin Van ruin”°William Henry Harrison elected in 1840°°Westward Expansion°By the 1849’s two issues came to dominate American politicsManifest DestinySlavery°Oregon country seen as next frontier11.5k migrants to Oregon 1840-48Took 5 months to travel 2k miles in a wagon°Texas and Tyler °Americans began settling in Texas in post 1815 cotton boom°Texas independence 1836
°William Henry Harrison dies April 1841; John Tyler becomes President°°Election of 1844°James K Polk (Democrat)°Henry Clay (Whig)°James Birney (Liberty)°°Polk and Oregon°Polk: short thin wry workaholic little sense of humor strong will°Polk threatens war with Britain over warMany in US wanted territory to 54’ to 40’Pol negotiate for 49’ by threatening warTreaty ratified June 15, 1846°°The Crisis of the 1850s°Questions form the 1840s°Westward expansion and Mexican War created issue of how to deal with slavery in new territoriesElection of 1848Zachary Taylor (Whig)Lewis Cass (Democrat)
Martin Van Buren (Free Soil)Taylor wins easily°Mormon Utah°In 1844 only 2000 Americans in California; almost none in Utah°Joseph Smith and Mormonism°Early family history°Moce to Palmyra, NY 1816°

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