1.This battle was critical. If the South had won, they just might have won the entire war. And, the North'svictory likely convinced Europe to stay out of the war.2.Also, it gave Lincoln a much awaited victory and a platform to announce the Emancipation Proclamationtofree the slaves.1.The Emancipation Proclamation gave the North's fight a moral foundation. The previous cause forthe war was to forcethe South to remain with the North, against the South's will. After theProclamation, the cause for war was to restore the nation andto end slavery.5.A Proclamation Without Emancipation1.The Emancipation Proclamation had a few "hiccups" tied to it.1.It freed the slaves only in the seceded Southern states. But, it did notfree the slaves in the Border States.Lincoln specifically made this point because he did not want to anger the Border States and make themjoin the South.2.The South considered itself a separate nation from the North. Why would anything a "foreign" presidentsays be binding over them? In order for the Proclamation to go into effect, the North would have to winthe war.3.Also, there were legal issues tied to the Proclamation. Did Lincoln actually have the authority to free theslaves? The short answer is, "No." The Constitution at the time did support slavery. A president cannotsimply make a proclamation and undue the Constitution. This fact would be evidenced by the 13thAmendmentright after the war, which freed the slaves. If the Proclamation had legally freed the slaves,there would've been no need for Amendment 13.4.Still, the Emancipation Proclamation was huge, if only symbolically, and gave the war its moral cause.2.Practically, there were effects of the Proclamation.1.If, and when, word of the Proclamation got to the slaves' ears, many slaves itched to up and leave. TheSoutherners complained that Lincoln was inciting slave rebellion.6.Blacks Battle Bondage This content copyright © 2010 by WikiNotes.wikidot.com1.In the early years of the war, African-Americans were not allowed to enlist in the army. But, as numbers declined,the North opened up the army to black soldiers. They'd eventually comprise 10% of the Northern army.2.Southern forces largely just executed black soldiers as opposed to the usual custom of treating captured enemies asprisoners-of-war. Black soldiers were even massacred after surrendering at Ft. Pillow, TN.1.This event sparked the outcry by African-Americans, "Remeber Ft. Pillow!"3.Emancipation came to Southern blacks when the Northern army came. The Emancipation Proclamation didn'tsimply release and allow slaves to walk off the plantation. The force of the U.S. army freed the slaves as it marchedforward.