G crime and law enforcement people from the upper

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Therefore education may perpetuate class differences. G. Crime and Law Enforcement People from the upper classes do commit crimes. However, the types of crimes committed by the poor receive more attention. Poor people, who commit crimes, are more likely to receive punishment, including the death penalty. Nowhere is the power differential between classes more obvious than in the criminal justice system. Good defense lawyers are expensive while public defenders are overworked, don’t have the resources, and not as good. H. Perspective on Life The higher ones class, the greater is ones optimism about the economy and political order. The greater is the hope for personal success. People, who live in poverty, even though schools and parents teach them that they should strive to rise above poverty, face schools that can't teach them. They encounter employers that won't hire them. They live near stores that can't sell to them. The poor, after all, have different class backgrounds than their teachers. They have no skills to sell employers. They have no money with which to buy things. VIII. Class Conflict and Conciliation A. Factors that Mitigate Against Class Conflict (Make class conflict less severe) 1. Relatively high standard of living in the United States and the large middle class. 2. The higher incidence and greater ability of upward mobility in the United States, whether perceived or real). 3. Cross-cutting Allegiances. Other groups interfere with class. Class is not the primary or only allegiance people have. People belong to different groups that contain different class members. The upper class, for example is split over politics and policy. The Democratic Party is known to contain both the very poor and some very wealthy individuals 11
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ISS 225 Power, Authority, Exchange Social Class 4. Social Networks. The government does not conspire to control all wealth. The rich act in their common interests by simply knowing each other and by sharing a common agenda. 5. Legitimacy. Many, even the poor, see the power of the rich as legitimate. The masses view the given political economy as valid and justified. They believe in the system. B. Ideology An ideology confers legitimacy on a social system. Marx argued that legitimizing the social stratification pattern was an important function for ideology. This helps create a situation where the lower classes do not view their world in terms of class. 1. False Consciousness False consciousness can be defined as (Robertson)"a subjective understanding that does not correspond with the objective facts of one's situation." The poor do not realize that their miseries are a shared phenomenon that results from their oppressed status. Instead of blaming the system they blame their circumstances on fate, an act of God, luck, or other factors beyond their control.
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