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ISS_225_Lec_5_Sociology

Their lack of education puts them in menial jobs

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Their lack of education puts them in menial jobs. Technical skills and computer skills are more likely to get you a higher paying job. The poor have less access to technology. E. Socialization/Values Class also shapes values and norms and these norms and values in turn determine how people act in social settings like school and occupation. Middle-class children grow up valuing independence more than working-class people while working-class people prefer conformity (tendency). 10
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ISS 225 Power, Authority, Exchange Social Class F. Formal Education Class correlates with education in a number of ways. Our education system can perpetuate inequality or it may act as a means for social mobility. Since education is community based, class determines the quality of school, teachers and curriculum. (Compare Bloomfield Hills to inner city Detroit schools). The importance of education receives greater emphasis in upper classes; therefore, children of the upper classes are more likely to attend college. College also costs a lot of money, not available to many of the poor. Therefore education may perpetuate class differences. G. Crime and Law Enforcement People from the upper classes do commit crimes. However, the types of crimes committed by the poor receive more attention. Poor people, who commit crimes, are more likely to receive punishment, including the death penalty. Nowhere is the power differential between classes more obvious than in the criminal justice system. Good defense lawyers are expensive while public defenders are overworked, don’t have the resources, and not as good. H. Perspective on Life The higher ones class, the greater is ones optimism about the economy and political order. The greater is the hope for personal success. People, who live in poverty, even though schools and parents teach them that they should strive to rise above poverty, face schools that can't teach them. They encounter employers that won't hire them. They live near stores that can't sell to them. The poor, after all, have different class backgrounds than their teachers. They have no skills to sell employers. They have no money with which to buy things. VIII. Class Conflict and Conciliation A. Factors that Mitigate Against Class Conflict (Make class conflict less severe) 1. Relatively high standard of living in the United States and the large middle class. 2. The higher incidence and greater ability of upward mobility in the United States, whether perceived or real). 3. Cross-cutting Allegiances. Other groups interfere with class. Class is not the primary or only allegiance people have. People belong to different groups that contain different class members. The upper class, for example is split over politics and policy. The Democratic Party is known to contain both the very poor and some very wealthy individuals 11
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ISS 225 Power, Authority, Exchange Social Class 4. Social Networks. The government does not conspire to control all wealth. The rich act in their common interests by simply knowing each other and
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Their lack of education puts them in menial jobs Technical...

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