Syphilis is a bacterial infection that can be transmitted through oral vaginal

Syphilis is a bacterial infection that can be

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• Syphilis is a bacterial infection that can be transmitted through oral, vaginal or anal sex with an infected partner • Through direct contact with bacteria contained in syphilitic sores or rashes • In rare cases, from sharing unclean needles or receiving a blood transfusion • From an infected mother to her fetus, which can result in fetal death or congenital syphilis (causing birth defects) SYPHILIS or “the Great Imitator” Did you KNOW? • Pubic lice are tiny crab-like insects that nest in pubic hair; they are also found in chest, armpit and facial hair, eyebrows and eyelashes • Adult insects bite and feed on the blood of their host and lay small eggs (nits) that attach to the shaft of the hair What are the TREATMENT options? • The affected area should be washed and a lice-killing cream, lotion or shampoo used (can be obtained directly at a pharmacy) • Itchiness may last for several weeks after treatment, which may be controlled with medication • Repeat treatment recommendations should be followed closely What are possible CONSIDERATIONS? • Persistent scratching of irritated skin can cause a secondary bacterial infection • All sexual partners who have had contact with the infected person in the month before diagnosis should be treated to help prevent re-infestation • Clothes, bedding, and other possible contaminated items must be washed in hot water or dry-cleaned, and mattresses should be vacuumed or, depending on the size, items may be placed in a sealed plastic bag for 7 days What are the SIGNS and SYMPTOMS? Pubic lice and nits are small and can be difficult to spot. Infected individuals may experience: • Skin irritation and inflammation accompanied by itchiness and redness • Small blue spots on the skin where lice have bitten • Louse feces (fine black particles) in the infected person’s undergarments How is it TRANSMITTED? • Transmission occurs primarily during intimate sexual and non-sexual contact • Pubic lice can live for 1 to 2 days in the bedding, towels and clothes of an infected individual. These items can be a source of transmission PUBIC LICE or “Crabs” Did you KNOW? • These parasitic mites burrow below the surface of the skin • Eggs laid under the skin hatch and larvae move to new areas and spread infection • Mites prefer warm zones (folds of skin on elbows, wrists, buttocks, knees, shoulder blades, waist, breasts and penis, between the fingers and under nails) What are the TREATMENT options? • Creams and lotions are available to treat scabies. These are typically applied and washed off in a specified amount of time • Itching may continue for several weeks, so medication may be recommended • Repeat treatment recommendations should be followed closely What are possible CONSIDERATIONS?
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