treatment methods (Wahlquist, 2019). Given that non-indigenous persons find difficulty dealing with an indigenous individual who is feeling suicidal, there are numerous aboriginal community support services to handle such cases. On the contrary, the existing data shows that there are only slow improvements when it comes to health status for decades. The gains, though very few, have
DISPARITIES IN SUICIDE RATES AMONG ABORIGINALS 8 been hard-fought; thus, adding only a minimal change on the inequality gap between the indigenous Australians and the general population. Much as governments triumph at rhetoric, glossy promises and policy documents, their commitments towards suppressing discriminatory tendencies among minority groups usually lack focus and fail to sustain improved health care practice. For instance, there is always inadequate resourcing of native health commensurate as facts backed by research are not translated into policy and practice (Durey & Thompson, 2012). Besides, governments often embark on competitive other than cooperative approaches and indulge in inefficient and wasteful funding, which enhances inequitable treatment of aboriginal and non-indigenous patients. Without culturally appropriate care and adequate cross-cultural education for all medical professional, the health gap between the indigenous and non-indigenous peoples will continue to increase (Markwick et al., 2014). Besides, a market-driven health provision, poor communication and failure to implement workable indigenous health frameworks coupled with models of care that prefers diagnosis and treatment to prevention all help tilt the balance against the aboriginals (Wahlquist, 2019). As such, the government ought to interrogate all discriminatory practices and policies associated with indigenous Australians and address their health problems effectively if suicidal rates are to reduce. Trends and Future Expectations On the bright side, the government has come up with policies that interpose the proximal risks for suicide and reduce one’s level of emotional arousal by social support, physical containment and clinical intervention for individuals with signs of acute suicidal risk (Durey & Thompson, 2012). Although there is a substantial improvement in life expectancy in both developed and developing countries, health inequalities have widened around the globe,
DISPARITIES IN SUICIDE RATES AMONG ABORIGINALS 9 especially in Australia. According to Zhao et al. (2013), the disparity in health outcomes between the two subpopulations in the country has been behind the large and widening gap in life expectancy at birth. Given that Australia lags behind other developed countries with indigenous populations, for instance Canada and the United States, when it comes to health inequalities, the governments have pledged their allegiance towards closing halve the gap within a generation (Wahlquist, 2019). As such, the health inequality gap and suicide rates among the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities and mainstream Australian population will improve in the future.
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