Life in the late 1800s men steel mill 12 hrs 7days a

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Life in the late 1800s Men Steel mill: 12 hrs 7days a week Making 450-500 poverty line Line for one person Live in one room with 12 people
Unsafe work, Child labor No pension plan Women Textile mill 10 hrs, 6 days a week no breaks make 200. 500 poverty line live in a room with 12 others The late 1800s: Violence The 1800s was a violent time for labor/management Secret society of Irish coal miners Helped striking mine workers resist wage cuts Militant incredibly violent0 portrayed as the Irish mob Weren’t very successful, management sends in the Pinkertons- private security force Haymarket Affair (1886) o Rally in Chicago’s Haymarket Square to support 8-hour work day and workers’ rights o A bomb was tossed into police ranks o Unions lost public support o Unionists were called terrorists Homestead strike (1892) o Carnegie Steel was growing and profits were increasing o Wanted to break the union, proposed a 22% wage decrease o Management locks workers out o Amalgamated association of iron and steel workers picket o Pinkertons brought in violence ensues o State Militia brought to support Carnegie Steel Why is this important?
Who are union members?
What do unions want?
Based their claims on more than job security and better wages, they wanted higher education and moral betterment for society as a whole. The Nights of Labor Started as a secret society, but peak power in the mid 1880s with over 700,000 members Practiced Uplift Unionism o More that just material wealth: Aspired to elevate the moral, intellectual, and social life of the worker o Broadly inclusive Producers vs non-producers (not employers vs employees) Non-producers = bankers, lawyers o Replace capitalism with a system of producer cooperatives o Virtually powerless by 1900s Haymarket square Ineffective bargaining strategies American Federation of Labor The AFL is a federation of Unions (25 at is inception) Samuel Gompers was the first president Business Unionism o Accepts capitalism, but wants members to have their share o Goal: “economic betterment- today, tomorrow, in home and shop” Craft unionism o Only skilled workers- no janitors, etc o Restrict entry to craft and control how work is done Executive jurisdiction o Unions, membership is organized by craft o Member of one union- no divided loyalties/interests The AFL was also racist, sexist and xenophobic International Workers of the World Founded in 1905 as a reaction to conservatism and flaws in the AFL IWW practiced revolutionary unionism o One big union o Overthrow capitalism, but ok with incremental steps IWW demise Radical agenda was opposed by corporations and the AFL Did not support WWI- lost public support/accused of being communists Business Strategies Avoided unionization through
o Open shop movement

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