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Pearl Harbor Giant military base, home port for pacific fleet. Japan wants to hit US fast, butavoidprolonged war. Easy target- aircraft carrier, bring planes over forbombing. Americans put all planes together to protect them, making them easierto bomb. *Dec 7, 1941*- Sunday morning, chill dudes with hangovers Attack very short, 90 mins, come in from north to confuse radar along withplanes from Cali that day. No alarm, ships easily sunk. The Arizona- battleship, dudes still alive underwater, can't be saved Declaration of war? Bc of time zone differences, attack happens beforedeclaration, offends Americans, ends isolationist movement. Douglas MacArthur Americangeneral,Americanstried to arm the army in the Philippines,Americans put planes in the air to find Japanese, they hit Americans whilerefueling the plane, land in Philinnes Bataan Death March Americans running out of ammo, water, and resources. Douglas said help wouldarrive, but none did. Roosevelt ordered them to go to Australia, everyone elsescrewed, Americans surrender, Japanese shocked- not ready, no place to putthem Death march- Americans marched to camps, wounded=dead, keep up pace ordie, mass graves, Americans bury their own guys Doolittle Raid
Morale- fear Americans aren't believing, show population what could happen,Americans small bomb Japan, ask Russians if Us can take off/land in Russia andthey say no. US aircraft carriers weren't in Pearl Harbor, so they were used.Navy/army only have planes- not the same, smaller/lighter/shorter distance, usebroomstick as fake machine gun to save weight, land in China Success rate- 80 pilots, 67 live, one lands in Soviet Union and the pilot/copilotare arrested Victory gardens Rations are insufficient, must grow own food, strongly encouraged by fed govto help out. War bonds Increase wealth slowly and safely, pay to gov, gradually increase in valuethrough interest, cap on how much they can grow. Rosie the Riveter Jobs for peeps in manufacturing, meaning WHAMEN, Rosie introduces aspropaganda for women in construction/laborious jobs. Boomtowns Grow up overnight, never before existed, fast population growth, built uparound factories, little to no infrastructure, little housing, die after war ends andbecome ghost towns. War time rationing Every month, coupons come in the mail, must have to coupon to be able topurchase with cash. A limit per family, but extras could be sold on blackmarket- very hard to enforce limit. Blue/gold stars Number of stars= number of family members in military, turn gold with death Japanese Internment Expect invasion of west coast, can't determine how long it takes for allegianceto switch, so fed gov takes no chances. Collect Japanese Americans on westcoast as a precaution, possessions lost, put in camps in the west away from thecoast. Not concentration camps!!! Battle of Midway 1943 Japan- Big gap in ocean open to attack, want to take Midway. Plan to attackAlaska to divert Americans. Americans play a trick by saying it has a water shortage, then listen to theJapanese reveal the code word Battle- hold navy back behind horizon, left unseen, Japanese assume ships are inAlaska. Americans take off after Japanese end attack, follow their planes backdirectly to aircraft carriers Bond and gasoline cause devastation, Japan's best pilots die, much worse thanlosing planes - kept from media Holocaust Jewish issue