Pearl Harbor Giant military base home port for pacific fleet Japan wants to hit

Pearl harbor giant military base home port for

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Pearl Harbor Giant military base, home port for pacific fleet. Japan wants to hit US fast, but avoid prolonged war. Easy target- aircraft carrier, bring planes over for bombing. Americans put all planes together to protect them, making them easier to bomb. *Dec 7, 1941*- Sunday morning, chill dudes with hangovers Attack very short, 90 mins, come in from north to confuse radar along with planes from Cali that day. No alarm, ships easily sunk. The Arizona- battleship, dudes still alive underwater, can't be saved Declaration of war? Bc of time zone differences, attack happens before declaration, offends Americans, ends isolationist movement. Douglas MacArthur American general, Americans tried to arm the army in the Philippines, Americans put planes in the air to find Japanese, they hit Americans while refueling the plane, land in Philinnes Bataan Death March Americans running out of ammo, water, and resources. Douglas said help would arrive, but none did. Roosevelt ordered them to go to Australia, everyone else screwed, Americans surrender, Japanese shocked- not ready, no place to put them Death march- Americans marched to camps, wounded=dead, keep up pace or die, mass graves, Americans bury their own guys Doolittle Raid
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Morale- fear Americans aren't believing, show population what could happen, Americans small bomb Japan, ask Russians if Us can take off/land in Russia and they say no. US aircraft carriers weren't in Pearl Harbor, so they were used. Navy/army only have planes- not the same, smaller/lighter/shorter distance, use broomstick as fake machine gun to save weight, land in China Success rate- 80 pilots, 67 live, one lands in Soviet Union and the pilot/copilot are arrested Victory gardens Rations are insufficient, must grow own food, strongly encouraged by fed gov to help out. War bonds Increase wealth slowly and safely, pay to gov, gradually increase in value through interest, cap on how much they can grow. Rosie the Riveter Jobs for peeps in manufacturing, meaning WHAMEN, Rosie introduces as propaganda for women in construction/laborious jobs. Boomtowns Grow up overnight, never before existed, fast population growth, built up around factories, little to no infrastructure, little housing, die after war ends and become ghost towns. War time rationing Every month, coupons come in the mail, must have to coupon to be able to purchase with cash. A limit per family, but extras could be sold on black market- very hard to enforce limit. Blue/gold stars Number of stars= number of family members in military, turn gold with death Japanese Internment Expect invasion of west coast, can't determine how long it takes for allegiance to switch, so fed gov takes no chances. Collect Japanese Americans on west coast as a precaution, possessions lost, put in camps in the west away from the coast. Not concentration camps!!! Battle of Midway 1943 Japan- Big gap in ocean open to attack, want to take Midway. Plan to attack Alaska to divert Americans. Americans play a trick by saying it has a water shortage, then listen to the Japanese reveal the code word Battle- hold navy back behind horizon, left unseen, Japanese assume ships are in Alaska. Americans take off after Japanese end attack, follow their planes back directly to aircraft carriers Bond and gasoline cause devastation, Japan's best pilots die, much worse than losing planes - kept from media Holocaust Jewish issue
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