The role of homework correction example answer

This preview shows page 87 - 89 out of 173 pages.

The roleofhomework correctionExampleAnswerSection AivSection BSection CSection DSection ESection F
ReadingI·u..........~~~~.u~;.~~~;~~;~..~~~.....u..u....!~A Japanhasa significantly better recordinterms of average mathematical attainmentj~than EnglandandWales. Large sample international comparisons ofpupils'j[attainments since the 1960shaveestablished thatnotonlydidJapanese pupils1jatage 13havebetter scores of average attainment,buttherewasalso a larger~lproportionofilow' attainersinEngland, where, incidentally, the variation in1jattainment scoreswasmuchgreater. The percentage of Gross National Product~1spentoneducation is reasonably similarinthe two countries, sohowis this higher1Iandmoreconsistent attainment in maths achieved?I1BLower secondary schoolsinJapan cover three school years, from the seventh11grade (age 13) to theninthgrade (age15).Virtually all pupilsatthis stage attendj1state schools: only 3percent are in the private sector. Schools are usuallymodem1jindesign, set well back from the roadandspacious inside. Classrooms are large~~and pupils sit at single desksinrows. Lessons last for a standardised 50 minutes11andare always followedbya 10-minute break, which gives the pupils a chance toj1let off steam. Teachers beginwitha formal addressandmutualbowing,andthenlIconcentrateonwhole-class teaching.IlClasses are large -usually about40-andare unstreamed. Pupils stayinthe1jsamedassfor all lessons throughout the schoolanddevelop considerable classjlidentityandloyalty. Pupils attend the schoolintheirownneighbourhood, which1jintheory removes rankingbyschool. In practiceinTokyo, because of the relativejlconcentrationofschools, there is some competition to get into the ibetter' schoolinlIa particular area.IlC Traditionalwaysof teaching form the basis of the lessonandthe remarkably quiet1j.classes take theirownnotes ofthepoints madeandthe examples demonstrated.jlEveryonehastheirowncopy of the textbook suppliedbythe central education1juuthority, Monbusho, aspartof the concept of free compulsory educationupto~1the age of15.These textbooks are,onthe whole, small, presumably inexpensiveto1jproduce,butwell setoutandlogically developed. (One teacherwasparticularlyllkeen to introduce colourandpictures into maths textbooks:hefelt thiswouldmake1jthemmore accessible to pupilsbroughtupina cartoon culture.) Besidesapprovingj1textbooks, Monbusho also decides the highly centralised national curriculumandlIhowit is tobedelivered.i1D Lessons all follow the same pattern.Atthe beginning, the pupilsputsolutions11to the homeworkonthe board, then the teachers comment, correctorelaborateljas necessary. Pupilsmarktheirownhomework: this isanimportant principle inj1Japanese schooling as it enables pupils to see whereandwhythey made a mistake,j[so that these canbeavoided in future.Noone minds mistakesorignorance aslong1iasyouarepreparedto learn from them.

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 173 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Winter
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Test, Airspace class, Instrument flight rules, Visual flight rules, Controlled airspace

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture