Neo confucian society and suppress Buddhism King Taejo Ch\u014fng Toj\u014fn o 14 th

Neo confucian society and suppress buddhism king

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Neo-confucian society and suppress BuddhismKing T’aejoChŏng Tojŏno14thcentury ChosonoNeo-confucian supporter and advisor to King TaejooLaid down the ideological, institutional, and legal foundationsoReplaced Buddhism with Confucianism as official religionYi Pangwŏno15thcentury Chosono3rdking of ChosonoSon of King TaejooSuccession crisis – killed 2 brothers to get throneoKilled everyone that opposed himKing Sejongo15thcentury Chosono4thking
oTry to make Choson more education orientedoEnact Hunmin ChongumoHistoriesoGazetteersoGeographiesHunmin chŏngŭmo15thcentury ChosonoNew writing systemoEnacted by King SejongImjin Wars/Hideyoshi Invasionso16thcentury invasion of ChosonoJapanese occupied Seoul for weeks and took PyongyangoYi Sun-sin defeated the Japanese fleet by strangling their supply routesYi Sunshino16thcentury Choson naval commanderoCaught in political struggles against general Won Kyounturtle boatso15thto 19thcentury ChosonoWarships used by royal Korean navyoDragon shaped head that could launch cannon fire or flames from mouthoHigh speed shipoCredited to Yi Sun-sinRighteous Armyoyangban, peasants, slaves join forces against Hideyoshi invasionsManchu invasionso17thcentury Choson invasionsoChoson pledged allegiance with Chingosent royal family to Kanghwa which quickly fellConfucianismoCreated in 6thcentury BCE china by Kung fu-tzuoEveryone has his place in society and you should stay in your placeoMandate of heaven gives legitimacy to ruler but can be taken awayoMust act accordingly to role – ex: faithfulness from wife to husbandoCivil service examsLady Yio16thcentury ChosonoMother of Sin Saimdang, grandmother to YulgokoAfter death, no sons so appt Yulgok as ritual heirSin Saimdango16thcentury ChosonoMother of YulgokoEmbodiment of good Confucian woman – poet, calligrapher, artist, etcYi Yulgok
opassed civil service exams in first place at age 13ohis appt as ritual heir shows change in family customs and growing importance of mendiminishing roles of womenYi T’oegyeo16thcentury Confucian scholar ChosonoNeo-confucian literatioImportance of personal experience and moral self cultivationKing Sukchongo17thto 18thcenturyoStrengthened bordersoTax reformsoTried to stop social discriminationoFamous for love triangleQueen Inhyŏno17thcenturyoPart of love triangleLady ChangoPart of love triangleKisaengoBegan in Koryo 10thcenturyoLowbornsoCourtesansoPatrons were YangbanoLiterate, artistic, talented5 secondary status groupsoPart of Choson 14thcentury oChunginoTechnical officials, hereditary clerksoSecondary sonsoLocal elites of northern provincesoMilitary officialsChunginNorthern Learning’s “utility for the greater good,”o17thand 18th(flourished) century Chosono

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