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down Main Street with an AK-47 are defenders of American values; a black man doing the same thing is Public Enemy No. 1."  In the late 1960s, gun control laws were enacted in reaction to the militant, gun-carrying Black Panthers.  Adam Winkler, MA, JD, UCLA Constitutional Law Professor, stated "The KKK began as a gun-control organization. Before the Civil War, blacks were never allowed to own guns" so, after the Civil War, there was "constant pressure among white racists to keep guns out of the hands of African Americans because they would rise up and revolt.”  In Virginia, in response to Nat Turner's Rebellion (also called the Southampton Rebellion, in which slaves killed 55 to 65 people in the most fatal slave uprising in the United States) in 1831, a law was passed that prohibited free black people "to keep or carry any firelock of any kind, any military weapon, or any powder or lead and all laws allowing free black people to possess firearms were repealed.
GovernmentMr. OrtegaPro/Con Gun ControlPro Gun ControlCountries with restrictive gun control laws have lower gun homicide and suicide rates than the United States.Both Switzerland and Finland require gun owners to acquire licenses and pass background checks that include mental and criminal records, among other restrictions and requirements.  In 2007 Switzerlandranked number 3 in international gun ownership rates with 45.7 guns per 100 people (about 3,400,000 guns total).  In 2009 Switzerland had 24 gun homicides (0.31 deaths per 100,000 people) and 253 gunsuicides (3.29 deaths per 100,000 people).  Finland ranked fourth in international gun ownership rateswith 45.3 guns per 100 people (about 2,400,000 guns total).  In 2007 Finland had 23 (0.43 deaths per 100,000 people) gun homicides and 172 gun suicides (4.19 deaths per 100,000 people).  The United States, categorized as having "permissive" firearm regulation by GunPolicy.org, ranked first in international gun ownership rates with 88.8 guns per 100 people (about 270,000,000 guns total).  In 2007 the United States had 12,632 gun homicides (4.19 deaths per 100,000 people) and 17,352 gun suicides (5.76 deaths per 100,000 people).   Harvard professor David Hemenway, PhD, wrote "We analyzed the relationship between homicide and gun availability using data from 26 developed countries from the early 1990s. We found that across developed countries, where guns are more available, there are more homicides."  According to a Mar. 2016 study, gun homicide rates in the United States were 25.3 times higher and gun suicides were 8 times higher in 2010 than in other populous, high-income countries. Additionally, 90% of women, 91% of 0- to 14-year olds, 92% of 15- to 24-year-olds, and 82% of all people killed by firearms were from the United States.