Element molecule and compound Carbon hydrogen nitrogen oxygen sulfur phosphorus

Element molecule and compound carbon hydrogen

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Element, molecule and compound Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, sulfur, phosphorus Contribute to proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, A denosine t rip hosphate (ATP), nucleic acids
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Molecules of life Proteins
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Molecules of life Proteins Made from monomers amino acids Produce energy, repair and maintenance Support structures (skin, horns, nails, bones, feathers) Transport (hemoglobin, transferrin) Antibodies (fight against diseases) Movement (muscle / meat) Hormones (insulin) Enzymes (metabolism)
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Molecules of life Proteins Proteins: Spider web, hair, horn, feathers (Fig 4 Ch2)
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Molecules of life Carbohydrates
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Molecules of life Carbohydrates Made up of sugars Energy production, cellular structures Simple carbohydrates (one or a few sugar molecules) Usually for energy production Complex carbohydrates (hundreds of sugar molecules) Usually for storage Starch, cellulose, honey, table sugar (sucrose)
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Molecules of life Carbohydrates Ch2, Fig 5
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Molecules of life Lipids
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Molecules of life Lipids Do not mix with water Some produce energy (e.g. fatty acids)
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  • DNA, Adenosine triphosphate, Carbohydrate

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