Incomes this result tends to support the need to give

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 116

This preview shows page 88 - 90 out of 116 pages.

incomes, this result tends to support the need to give priority attention to regional preventive measures and to highly proactive recovery measures in the epicentre countries. The loss of a per capita income of US$18.00 in a region where most of population live below the poverty line of US$1.25 per day has serious consequences on the people. The impact on human development is alarming. Many women are now giving birth outside the modern health facilities, thereby making them vulnerable during complex situations. Children in the epicentre countries were pulled out of schools; in Nigeria, the opening of schools was also delayed. The increasing wave of orphans associated with the EVD is also a concern. When they are no longer be cared for by the community, the long-term human development impact could be more complex to address. SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES
Image of page 88
71 The Ebola virus disease’s impact on poverty is strong in West Africa. The expected impact of the accelerated growth on poverty reduction in the years ahead has been wiped out. The impact of the EVD on poverty shows a very strong increase in poverty over the medium-term period in the region, which is much more pronounced in the epicentre countries. Given a low Ebola scenario, poverty is estimated to rise by between 2.3 and 2.6 percent in 2014, and could further rise by 7.1 percent in 2015. The situation is worse in Sierra Leone (13.7 percent in 2014 to 21.8 percent in 2016) and Liberia (17.5 percent in 2015 to 19.2 percent in 2016). The poverty rate in Mali has also been estimated to increase by between 1.7 and 4.1 percent (low Ebola scenario) during 2014-2016. It also affects the poverty situation of the unaffected countries in the region: 0.5 percent (Côte d’Ivoire) and 1.4 percent (Senegal) in 2014. The impact on food security could be very significant. The impact of the EVD on undernourishment raises serious concerns over whether the SDGs in the epicentre countries and their neighbours will be smoothly rolled out. Among the epicentre countries, the impact on undernourishment could be higher in Liberia than in Guinea and Sierra Leone. The undernourishment rate will range between a 2.28 and 4.17 percent increase between 2014 and 2016 compared to between 0.5 and 1.5 percent in Guinea, and between 1.3 and 4.0 percent in Sierra Leone. The situation is similar in Guinea Bissau, Côte d’Ivoire and Mali. This calls for a very strong social protection mechanisms for heavily affected people, especially pregnant women and children. The governments, UN agencies, donors, NGOs and other stakeholders should focus more attention on this issue. The anthropological findings confirm the heavy toll of the Ebola virus disease on household economic activities, living conditions and social relations. The closure of boarders, the lull in private businesses, fear and stigmatization impede households’ economic activities. Many people changed their consumption habits and had to eat less than they were doing before the EVD outbreak. Although most people still think family
Image of page 89
Image of page 90

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 116 pages?

  • Fall '19
  • West Africa

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors